Classification Oral antidiabetic

See also Antidiabetic Agents Hypogly-cemic Agents. Action Kinetics Lowers blood glucose by stimulating release of insulin from pancreas. Action depends on functioning beta cells in pancreatic islets. Rapidly and completely absorbed from GI tract. Peak plasma levels 1 hr. Completely metabolized in liver with most excreted in feces. Uses Adjunct to diet and exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus. In combination with metformin to lower blood glucose where hyperglycemia can not be controlled by...

More common following IV use Respiratory Bronchospasm

Coughing, dyspnea, laryngospasm, hyperventilation, shallow respirations, tachypnea, airway obstruction, wheezing, respiratory depression and respiratory arrest when used for conscious sedation. CV PVCs, big-eminy, bradycardia, tachycardia, va-sovagal episode, nodal rhythm. At injection site Tenderness, pain, redness, induration, phlebitis. Drug Interactions Alcohol T Risk of apnea, airway obstruction, desaturation or hypoventilation Anesthetics, inhalation l Dose if midazolam used as an...

Regular insulin

Pork Iletin II M, Insulin-Toronto M, Regular Iletin II, Regular Purified Pork Insulin. Beef Pork Iletin M, Regular Iletin I. Human Humulin-R M, Novolin R, Novolin R PenFill, Novolin R Prefilled, Velosulin Human BR OTC Classification Rapid-acting insulin See also Antidiabetic Agents Insulins. Action Kinetics Rarely administered as the sole agent due to its short duration of action. Injections of 100 units mL are clear cloudy, colored solutions should not be used. Regular insulin is the only...

Cholestyramine resin

koh-less-TEER-ah-meen Alti-Cholestyramine Light M, Lo-Cholest, Novo-Cholaine Light M, PMS-Cholestyramine M, Prevalite, Questran, Questran Light Rx Classification Hypocholesterolemic agent, bile acid sequestrant Action Kinetics Binds sodium cholate bile salts in the intestine thus, the principal precursor of cholesterol is not absorbed due to formation of an insoluble complex, which is excreted in the feces. Decreases cholesterol and LDL and either has no effect or increases triglycerides,...

Classification Cephalosporin secondgeneration

See also Anti-Infectives and Cephalo-sporins. Action Kinetics Sixty percent is recovered in the urine unchanged. Uses Pharyngitis and tonsillitis due to Streptococcus pyogenes. Acute bacterial sinusitis due to Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus aure-us, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis. Otitis media caused by S. pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and M. catarrhalis. Uncomplicated skin and skin structure infections due to S. aureus including penicillinase-producing strains and S....

Insulin zinc suspension extended Ultralente

Human Humulin-U M, Humulin U Ultralente, Novolin ge Ultralente M OTC See also Antidiabetic Agents Insulins. Action Kinetics Large crystals of insulin and a high content of zinc are responsible for the slow-acting properties of this preparation. Products containing both 40 units mL and 100 units mL are available. Onset 4-8 hr. Peak 10-30 hr. Duration 36 hr or longer. Uses Mild to moderate hyperglyce-mia in stabilized diabetics. Not suitable for the treatment of diabetic coma or emergency...

Common Sound Alike Drug Names

The following is a list of common sound-alike drug names trade names are capitalized. In parentheses next to each drug name is the pharmacological classification use for the drug. Accupril ACE inhibitor acetazolamide antiglaucoma drug Adriamycin antineoplastic albuterol sympathomimetic Aldomet antihypertensive allopurinol antigout drug alprazolam anti-anxiety agent Ambien sedative-hypnotic amiloride diuretic amiodarone antiarrhythmic amitriptyline antidepressant Apresazide antihypertensive...