[kloh-NAY-zeh-pam] Alti-Clonazepam M, Apo-Clonazepam M, Dom-Clonazepam M, Klonopin, Nu-Clonazepam M, PMS-Clonazepam M, Rivotril M [C-IV] [Rx]

Classification: Anticonvulsant, miscellaneous

See also Anticonvulsants. Action/Kinetics: Benzodiazepine derivative which increases presyn-aptic inhibition and suppresses the spread of seizure activity. Peak plasma levels: 1-2 hr. tv2: 18-60 hr. Therapeutic serum levels: 20-80 ng/mL. More than 80% bound to plasma protein; metabolized almost completely in the liver to inactive metabolites, which are excreted in the urine.

Even though a benzodiazepine, clonazepam, is used only as an anti-convulsant. However, contraindications, side effects, and so forth are similar to those for diazepam.

Uses: Absence seizures (petit mal) including Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, akinetic and myoclonic seizures. Some effectiveness in clients resistant to succinimide therapy. Non-FDA Approved Uses: Parkinsonian dysarthria, acute manic episodes of bipolar affective disorder, leg movements (periodic) during sleep, adjunct in treating schizophrenia, neuralgias, multifocal tic disorders. Contraindications: Sensitivity to benzodiazepines. Severe liver disease, acute narrow-angle glaucoma. Pregnancy.

Special Concerns: Effects on lactation not known.

Side Effects: Oral: Dry mouth, increased salivation, increased bleeding. See also Sedative Hypnotics (Antianxiety), Antimanic Drugs, . Additional Side Effects: In clients in whom different types of seizure disorders exist, clonazepam may elicit or precipitate grand mal seizures.

Do Not Panic

Do Not Panic

This guide Don't Panic has tips and additional information on what you should do when you are experiencing an anxiety or panic attack. With so much going on in the world today with taking care of your family, working full time, dealing with office politics and other things, you could experience a serious meltdown. All of these things could at one point cause you to stress out and snap.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment