FDA pregnancy category

— Trade name(s) by which drug is marketed; a maple leaf (M) indicates trade names available only in Canada

— Drug schedule if drug is controlled by U.S. Federal Controlled Substances Act (such as C-II, C-III)

— Rx = prescription drug; OTC = nonprescription, over-the-counter drug

— See also reference to classification in Chapter 2, if applicable

— Classification is the chemical or pharmacologic class to which the drug has been assigned.

— Content (for combination drugs) is the generic name and amount of each drug in the combination product.

— General Statement: General information and/or specific aspects of drugs in a class; also diseases for which drugs may be used

— Action/Kinetics: Mechanism(s) by which drug achieves therapeutic effect, rate of absorption, distribution, minimum effective serum or plasma level, half-life (time for half the drug to be removed from blood), duration of action, metabolism, excretion routes, and other pertinent information

— Uses: Therapeutic indications, including investigational uses for the drug

— Contraindications: Diseases or conditions for which drug should not be used

— Special Concerns: Considerations for use in pediatric, geriatric, pregnant, or lactating clients. Also situations or disease states when the drug should be used with caution.

— Side Effects: Undesired or bothersome effects in some clients, listed by body organ or system affected. Life-threatening side effects are designated in boldface italics

— Drug Interactions: Drugs that may interact with one another resulting in an increase or decrease in effect of drug; when listed for a class of drugs, are likely to apply to all drugs in the class

— Dosage: Recommended adult and pediatric dosages for designated disease states, dosing intervals, and available dosage forms

— Dental Concerns: Provides general information to the practitioner regarding drug therapy and suggestions for consultation with the appropriate health care provider in order to prevent dental complications of disease

— Client/Family Teaching: Guidelines to promote education, active participation, understanding, precautions, and compliance with drug therapy and oral health care

• Additional Contraindications or Additional Side Effects: Information relevant to a specific drug but not necessarily to the class overall. More complete data can be found in the discussion of the drug class (Chapter 2).

• Index: Extensively cross-referenced; boldface = generic drug name; italics = therapeutic drug class; regular type = trade name; CAPITALS = combination drug names; trade name is paired with generic name to facilitate ease of locating

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