Lidocaine hydrochloride

[LYE-doh-kayn] Pregnancy Category: B

Dalcaine, Dilocaine, Duo-Trach Kit, L-Caine, Lidoject, Nervocaine, Octoc-aine, Ultracaine, Xylocaine, Xylo-caine-MPF, Octocaine with Epineph-rine, Xylocaine with Epinephrine Classification: Amide local anesthet-

See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents.

Action/Kinetics: Blocks nerve action potential by inhibiting ion fluxes across the cell membrane. Onset: 210 min; Duration: 20 min-4 hours. Renally excreted and metabolized by the liver. Metabolites may contribute to toxicity in a single dose. Uses: Local dental anesthesia, peripheral nerve block, caudal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, surgical anesthesia. Contraindications: See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents. Special Concerns: Elderly, large doses of lidocaine in patients with myasthenia gravis.

Side Effects: See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents.

Drug Interactions: See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents. How Supplied: Injection without epinephrine: 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2%, 4%, 5% Injection with epinephrine: 0.5%, 1%, 1.5%, 2% with epineph-rine concentrations of 1:50,000, 1:100,000, 1:200,000. Usual dental use is 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine

Dosage-

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