Vasoconstriction, pupillary dilation.
1 gtt of the 2.5% or 10% solution on the upper limbus a few minutes following 1 gtt of topical anesthetic (prevents stinging and dilution of solution by lacrimation). An additional drop may be needed after 1 hr.
1 gtt of the 2.5% or 10% solution with atropine. To free recently formed posterior synechiae, 1 gtt of the 2.5% or 10% solution to the upper surface of the cornea. Treatment should be continued the following day, if needed. In the interim, hot compresses should be applied for 5-10 min t.i.d. using 1 gtt of 1% or 2%
atropine sulfate before and after each series of compresses.
Glaucoma. 1 gtt of 10% solution on the upper surface of the cornea as needed. Both the 2.5% and 10% solutions may be used with miotics in clients with open-angle glaucoma.
2.5% or 10% solution 30-60 min before surgery for wide dilation of the pupil.
Refraction. Adults: 1 gtt of a cycloplegic (ho-matropine HBr, atropine sulfate, cy-clopentolate, tropicamide HCl, or a combination of homatropine and cocaine HCl) in each eye followed in 5 min with 1 gtt of 2.5% phenylephrine solution and in 10 min with another drop of cycloplegic. The eyes are ready for refraction in 50-60 min. Children: 1 gtt of atropine sulfate, 1%, in each eye followed in 10-15 min with 1 gtt of phenylephrine solution, 2.5%, and in 5-10 min with a second drop of atropine sulfate, 1%. The eyes are ready for refraction in 1-2 hr.
Ophthalmoscopic examination. 1 gtt of 2.5% solution in each eye. The eyes are ready for examination in 15- 30 min and the effect lasts for 1-3 hr.
Minor eye irritations. 1-2 gtt of the 0.12% solution in the eye(s) up to q.i.d. as needed.
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