Prilocaine hydrochloride

[PRY-loh-kayn] Pregnancy Category: B

Citanest, Citanest Forte with epinephrine

Classification: Amide local anesthetic

See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents.

Action/Kinetics: Blocks nerve action potential by inhibiting ion fluxes across the cell membrane. Onset: 210 min. Duration: 2-4 hr. Renally excreted and metabolized in the liver.

Uses: Local dental anesthesia. Contraindications: See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents. Special Concerns: Elderly, large doses of prilocaine HCl in patients with myasthenia gravis, risk of me-themoglobinemia.

Side Effects: See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents.

Drug Interactions: See also Amide Local Anesthetic Agents. How Supplied: Injection without vasoconstrictor: 4%; Injection with vasoconstrictor: 4% solution with 1:200,000 epinephrine

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