Hypertension. Initial: 100 mcg b.i.d.; then, increase by 100-200 mcg/day until desired response is attained; maintenance: 200-600 mcg/day in divided doses (maximum: 2400 mcg/day). Tolerance necessitates increased dosage or concomitant administration of a diuretic. Gradual increase of dosage after initiation minimizes side effects. Pediatric: 50-400 mcg b.i.d.

NOTE: In hypertensive clients unable to take PO medication, cloni-dine may be administered sublin-gually at doses of 200-400 mcg/day.

Alcohol withdrawal. 300-600 mcg q 6 hr.

Atrial fibrillation. 75 mcg 1-2 times/day with or without digoxin.

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

5 mcg/kg/day for 8 weeks.

Constitutional growth delay in children.

37.5-150 mcg/m2/day.

Diabetic diarrhea. 100-600 mcg q 12 hr.

Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. 150-200 mcg/day.

Hyperhidrosis. 250 mcg 3-5 times/day.

Hypertensive urgency (diastolic > 120 mm Hg).

Initial: 100-200 mcg; then, 50-100 mcg q hr to a maximum of 800 mcg.

Menopausal flushing. 100-400 mcg/day.

Withdrawal from opiate dependence.

Diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. 300 mcg.

Postherpetic neuralgia. 200 mcg/day.

Psychosis in schizophrenia. Less than 900 mcg/day.

Reduce allergen-induced inflammation in extrinsic asthma. 150 mcg for 3 days or 75 mcg/1.5 mL saline by inhalation.

Restless leg syndrome. 100-300 mcg/day, up to 900 mcg/day.

Facilitate cessation of smoking. 150-400 mcg/day.

Ulcerative colitis. 300 mcg t.i.d.

• Transdermal Hypertension.

Initial: Use 0.1-mg system; then, if after 1-2 weeks adequate control has not been achieved, can use another 0.1-mg system or a larger system. The antihypertensive effect may not be seen for 2-3 days. The system should be changed q 7 days.

Cyclosporine-associated nephro-toxicity.

100-200 mcg/day. Diabetic diarrhea.

Menopausal flushing. 100 mcg/24-hr patch.

Facilitate cessation of smoking. 200 mcg/24-hr patch.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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