References

1. Karch, S.: The Pathology of Drug Abuse. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL,1993.

2. Saferstein, R.: Forensic Science Handbook Vol. II. Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1988.

3. Warner, E. A.: Cocaine Abuse. Ann. Int. Med. 119(3): 226-235 (1993).

4. Holmstedt, B., Lindgren, J., Rivier, L., and Plowman, T.: Cocaine in blood of coca chewers. J. Ethnopharm. 1: 69-78 (1979).

5. Wilkinson, P., Van Dyke, C., Jatlow, P., Barash, P., and Byck, R.: Intranasal and oral cocaine kinetics. Clin. Pharmacol.. Ther. 27: 386-394 (1980).

6. Javaid, J.I., Musa, M.N., Fischman, M., Schuster, C.R., and Davis, J.M.: Kinetics of cocaine in humans after intravenous and intranasal administration. Biopharm. Drug Disp. 4: 9-18 (1983).

7. Jeffcoat, A.R., Perez-Reyes, and Hill, J.M.: Cocaine disposition in humans after intravenous injection, nasal insufflation (snorting), or smoking. Drug Met. Disp. 17:153-159 (1989).

8. Perez-Reyes, M., DiGuiseppi, S., Ondrusek, G., Jeffcoat, A.R., and Cook, C.E.: Free base cocaine smoking. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 32: 459-465 (1982).

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10. Busto, U., Bendayan, R., and Sellers, E.M.: Clinical pharmacokinetics of non-opiate abused drugs. Clin. Pharmacokin. 16 :1-26 (1989).

11. Disposition of Toxic Drugs and Chemicals in Man 4th ed. Baselt, R.C., and Cravey, R.H. Chemical Toxicology Institute, Foster City, CA (1995).

12. Chow, M.J., Ambre, J.J., Ruo, T.I., Atkinson, A.J., and Bowsher, D.J.: Kinetics of cocaine distribution, elimination and chronotropic effects. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 38:318-324 (1985).

13. Jatlow, P.:Cocaine:Analysis, pharmacokinetics and disposition. Yale J. Biol. Med. 61: 105-113 (1988).

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15. Baselt, R., and Chang, R.: Urinary excretion of cocaine and benzoylecgonine following oral ingestion in a single subject. J. Anal. Toxicol. 11:81-82 (1987).

16. Jacob, P.III, Lewis, E.R., Elias-Baker, B.A., and Jones, R.: A pyrolysis product, anhydroecgonine methyl ester (methylecgonidine) is in the urine of cocaine smokers. J. Anal. Toxicol.. 14: 353-357 (1990).

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