Bone Structure

Bone is a complex structure consisting of diverse cell types, extracellular matrix, and mineral. It is a metabolically active tissue in which the coupled processes of formation and resorption are continuous throughout life. Bone matrix is composed predominantly of extensively cross-linked collagen type I but also incorporates many other proteins, including osteocalcin, osteopontin, proteoglycans, and growth factors. The mineral phase consists of poorly crystalline carbonate apatite, containing calcium phosphate in the form of apatite and with extensive carbonate substitution of hydroxyl groups.1 This mineral component provides mechanical strength and rigidity to the skeleton and is sufficiently labile to be easily removed, enabling it to act as an ion store for supporting calcium homeostasis.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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