Conditioned avoidance

The ability of a compound to inhibit the conditioned avoidance response (CAR) to an aversive stimulus is one of the oldest predictors of antipsychotic efficacy. In this test, rats are trained to move from one side of shuttle box to the other on presentation of an audible cue (the conditioned stimulus) in order to avoid a footshock (the unconditioned stimulus). Once the animals have been trained, both typical and atypical antipsychotics are effective in decreasing the CAR to the conditioned stimulus without altering the escape response elicited by the unconditioned stimulus. This inhibition of the CAR is thought to be mediated by a reduction in dopaminergic function in the striatum and nucleus accumbens.41 Therefore, inhibition of CAR is not an actual preclinical model of schizophrenia, but rather a facile in vivo method of detecting DA receptor blockade. The comparison between doses of antipsychotics that inhibit CAR and doses that induce catalepsy provides a convenient method to determine a therapeutic index for EPS.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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