Economic Impact of Cardiovascular Diseases

The direct and indirect economic burden of CVDs in the USA has been estimated to be nearly $400 billion annually.1 Direct costs associated with CVD account for nearly $250 billion while the indirect costs (lost productivity in the case of morbidity and lost future earnings in the case of mortality) account for slightly more than $150 billion. Heart diseases (e.g., coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (CHF), hypertension (see 6.32 Hypertension), cardiac arrhythmias, etc.) collectively account for nearly 65% of the total costs associated with CVD. Within the group of CVD, CHD represents the largest contributing disorder (56% of the group of heart diseases and 36% of the total economic burden) to both direct and indirect costs. Stroke accounts for nearly 14% of the total economic burden with the indirect costs associated with stroke (brain attack) being particularly burdensome.

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

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