Social Anxiety Disorder

SAD or social phobia is a common anxiety disorder often associated with serious role impairment. The 12-month prevalence rate for all types of SAD was estimated to be 8% with a lifetime prevalence of 13%. SAD is a chronic disease with a slightly higher prevalence in females than males (15% versus 11%, respectively), with retrospective studies showing an average duration of 25 years. Overall, females with poor baseline functioning at the time of diagnosis have the greatest risk of disease chronicity. DSM IV-TR defines SAD as a marked and persistent fear of social or performance situations in which embarrassment may occur. The diagnosis of SAD is only made when the fear, avoidance, or anxious anticipation of the event persists for at least 6 months and the phobia directly interferes with daily function or when the individual is distressed about having the phobia. Although SAD can relate to a specific set of circumstances (i.e., public speaking), there are cases in which there can be a broad array of fears that include both performance and interactional factors with the latter being considered more severe and disabling than the former.5 Individuals with comorbid GAD demonstrated more severe psychopathology and exacerbation of the clinical course of SAD over those individuals without comorbid GAD.6

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

Conquering Fear In The 21th Century

The Ultimate Guide To Overcoming Fear And Getting Breakthroughs. Fear is without doubt among the strongest and most influential emotional responses we have, and it may act as both a protective and destructive force depending upon the situation.

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