Use of JHAs for Pest Management

JJHAs have been successfully used for controlling certain types of pests, especially where the pest is the adult stage. It has not been very effective against most lepidopteran agricultural pests because the larval stage is responsible for crop destruction. While some of the control measures tested since the previous edition of this series (Retnakaran et al., 1985) are described below, Table 9 summarizes the effects of the various JHA insecticides on agricultural and stored insect pests. Control of public health and veterinary insects In most instances, the adult form is the active pest and, therefore, these species can be managed by JHA insecticides. Mosquitos, fleas, cockroaches, fire ants, and tsetse flies are some of the major pests that are vulnerable to JHAs (Table 10). Anti-JH for pest management Compounds that prevent JH production, facilitate JH degradation, or destroy the corpus allatum all belong to this group. It is a catchall of various compounds that negate the activity of JH. Ideally, such compounds should be very effective pest control agents. Treatment of newly emerged larvae with such a compound would theoretically create miniature pupae, thus abbreviating the destructive part of the insect's life history. Many of the anti-JH compounds turned out to be highly toxic and did not pan out as good control agents. Once the JH receptor is characterized, it can be a target for control. Some of the effects that have been studied with anti-JH compounds are shown in Table 11.

Peripheral Neuropathy Natural Treatment Options

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