These are hormones that regulate intestinal and pancreatic function. The S
gastrointestinal tract can consequently be regarded as the largest endocrine 3
organ in the body. The physiological roles of many of these hormones await g elucidation. The modulation of gastrointestinal hormone release is achieved by j either a direct effect on the endocrine cells or by the activation of intrinsic y neural reflexes. e
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