Hypercalcaemia

This can be broadly classified as being:

Parathyroid hormone related: primary hyperparathyroidism; secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic renal insufficiency; tertiary hyperpara-thyroidism; ectopic PTH secretion.

Vitamin D related: vitamin D toxicity; granulomatous diseases associated with excess 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 production.

Malignancy: increased osteoclastic activity due to bone destruction by primary or metastatic tumour; PTH-related protein or peptide.

Medications: thiazide diuretics; lithium; vitamin A and analogues.

Endocrine disorders: thyrotoxicosis; adrenocortical insufficiency.

fil y l

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Tips and Tricks For Boosting Your Metabolism

Tips and Tricks For Boosting Your Metabolism

So maybe instead of being a pencil-neck dweeb, youre a bit of a fatty. Well, thats no problem either. Because this bonus will show you exactly how to burn that fat off AS you put on muscle. By boosting your metabolism and working out the way you normally do, you will get rid of all that chub and gain the hard, rippled muscles youve been dreaming of.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment