This can be carried out by:
* Airflow measurements n
Rhinomanometry: simultaneous trans-nasal pressure and airflow recording; e which can be anterior, posterior or post-nasal; o
Peak nasal airflow; t e
Acoustic rhinometry; e
Radiological imaging to assess the cross-sectional area of the nasal passages ■S,
(computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging).
* Ciliary function testing: saccharin taste test, which measures the time taken to taste saccharin in the back of the throat after application to the anterior tip of the inferior nasal turbinate. A time greater than 30 minutes is abnormal. Ciliated epithelium can be obtained by nasal brush biopsy of the inferior nasal turbinate and the sample is processed at 37 °C to determine ciliary beat frequency, and to assess the ciliary beat pattern by slow motion analysis. Ciliary ultrastructure can be assessed by transmission electron microscopy.
* Tests of olfaction using smell bottles.
Was this article helpful?
So maybe instead of being a pencil-neck dweeb, youre a bit of a fatty. Well, thats no problem either. Because this bonus will show you exactly how to burn that fat off AS you put on muscle. By boosting your metabolism and working out the way you normally do, you will get rid of all that chub and gain the hard, rippled muscles youve been dreaming of.