Pathophysiology of dyspnoea

Dyspnoea can be characterised as an abnormal and uncomfortable subjective awareness of the effort of breathing. The underlying causative factors include: Increase in the mechanical work of breathing: Increased airway resistance; Chest wall muscle dysfunction;

Reduced pulmonary compliance: oedema, fibrosis, congestion. Increase in ventilatory drive:

Chemical stimuli: hypoxia; metabolic acidosis;

Primary central nervous stimuli, which may be voluntary or involuntary; Sensory stimuli, from the chest wall, arteries and veins, or lung interstitium.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Tips and Tricks For Boosting Your Metabolism

Tips and Tricks For Boosting Your Metabolism

So maybe instead of being a pencil-neck dweeb, youre a bit of a fatty. Well, thats no problem either. Because this bonus will show you exactly how to burn that fat off AS you put on muscle. By boosting your metabolism and working out the way you normally do, you will get rid of all that chub and gain the hard, rippled muscles youve been dreaming of.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment