This lines the joint cavity and consists of two cell types: type A cells with a prominent Golgi apparatus, numerous vesicles and vacuoles, and many mitochondria; and type B cells, with a large endoplasmic reticulum and a few vacuoles that secrete hyaluronan. The functions of the synovial membrane include:
Secretion of sticky mucoid substance into synovial fluid, which lubricates the joint and nourishes the avascular articular cartilage; Allows for changes in the joint cavity shape and size associated with normal joint movement, as a result of flexibility, loose synovial folds, villi and marginal recesses; Aids in removal of substances from the joint cavity.
Berridge, M.J. Inositol triphosphate and calcium signalling. Nature, 361 (1993), 315-25. Gilman, A. G. Guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins and dual control of adenyl cyclase. J. Clin. Invest., 73 (1984), 1-4.
Hadley, M. E. Endocrinology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 2000. £
Hafez, E. S. E., Hafez, B. & Hafez, S. D. An Atlas of Reproductive Physiology in Men. New o
York: The Parthenon Publishing Group, 2003. a
Harris, G. W. Neural Control of the Pituitary Gland. London: Edward Arnold, 2000. h
Nussey, S.S. & Whitehead S.A. Endocrinology. An Integrated Approach. Oxford: Bios
Scientific Publishers Ltd, 2002. Speroff, L., Glass, R. H. & Kase, N. G. Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 1999.
Was this article helpful?
So maybe instead of being a pencil-neck dweeb, youre a bit of a fatty. Well, thats no problem either. Because this bonus will show you exactly how to burn that fat off AS you put on muscle. By boosting your metabolism and working out the way you normally do, you will get rid of all that chub and gain the hard, rippled muscles youve been dreaming of.