F

F (Faraday constant) 22, 32 F

(fluorine) 226 f (submultiple of a unit) 373 °F, conversion to °C 375 Facilitated diffusion 158 Fahraeus-Lindqvist effect 92 Fahrenheit, conversion 375 Fallopian tube 308 Falsetto 346

Fanconi-Debré-Toni syndrome 158

Faraday constant (F) 22, 32 Far point, vision 344, 346 Farsightedness 346 Fas(=CD95)98

ligand 98 Fascicular zone, adrenal cortex

294 Fasting 282 T3 synthesis 288

Fat 228, 246, 252,256, 282 absorption, intestine 252 brown 224, 288 caloric equivalent 228 cells 256

chemical structure 227 B daily intake 252 depots 230, 282 digestion 236, 252 pancreas 246 phases 253 B emulsification 240, 252 energy substrate 228 metabolism, insulin 284 Fatigue 72, 76

Fat-soluble vitamins 252, 260 Fattened animals 284 Fatty acids 210, 252, 254, 262, 282, 284 cyclooxygenase 269 essential 226 free (FFA) 282 carrier 252 glucagon action 284 lipoprotein lipase 254 myocard metabolism 210 sources 257 D storage 257 D target sites 256 transport in blood 254 uptake in cells 254 supply of energy 72 liver 254, 284 Fe (iron) 88, 90, 92, 128, 226, 262 absorption in intestine 90 carrier, intestinal mucosa 90 deficiency 90 functional 90 hemoglobin 128

degradation 250 intake 90, 226 metabolism 90 overload 90 poisoning 90 pool 90 recycling 90 storage 90 transferrin 90 transport, plasma 90 FE (fractional excretion) 152 Feces 250, 262, 264 Fechner's law354 Feedback, control, hormones 272 negative 4, 272, 286, 300, 306, 318

TSH secretion 288 neuroendocrine 272 positive 272, 300, 304 tubuloglomerular (TGF) 172, 184

Feet, conversion into SI unit 372

Femto- (submultiple of a unit) 373

Ferrireductase 90 Ferritin 90 Fertility306 Fertilization 308 Fetal circulation 220

zone, adrenal cortex 304 Fetoplacental unit 304 Fetus 220

O2 supply 220 FEV1 (forced expiratory volume, first second) 118 Fever 100, 224, 288 FF (filtration fraction) 24, 152, 389

FGF (fibroblast growth factor) 278

Fiber ^ nerve, neuron, motor neuron and muscle Fibers, diet 264 Fibrillation, atrial 200

ventricular 200 Fibrin 102, 104 Fibrinogen 102, 104 Fibrinolysis 102, 104 Fibrinopeptides 104 Fibrin-stabilizing factor 102, 104 Fibroblast 94 interferons, release 96 migration 30 Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 278

Fibronectin 102

Fick's first law of diffusion 20,

120, 388 Fick's principle 106, 130, 389

kidney 150 Field, receptive 314, 354

visual 358 Fila olfactoria 340 Filament sliding, smooth muscle 71 B

striated muscle 62 Filling phase, heart 190 pressure, receptors for, heart 214 Filtration 24 capillaries 208 coefficient 208 equilibrium 150 fraction, glomerular (FF) 24,

152, 389 glomerular 148 pressure, effective 208 kidney 152 shock 218 First messenger ^ hormones Fitzgerald factor 102 Fixed acids 174 Fletcher factor 102 Flexion reflex 320

Flexor muscles 328

withdrawal reflex 320 Floccunodular lobe 326 Flow rate, blood 188 unit 374 resistance, blood circulation 188

velocity 188 unit 374 Fluid compartments 168

measurement 168 Fluid exchange, capillaries 208 extracellular 168 intracellular 92, 168 ounce, conversion into SI unit 374

Fluidity of erythrocytes 92 Fluorine (F) 226 Flutter, atrial 200 Folic acid 90, 226, 260

absorption, intestine 260 daily requirement 260 deficiencies 90 storage 260 Follicle, dominant 298, 300, 303

graafian 298 primordial 298 progesteron synthesis 303 stimulating hormone ^ fol-

litropin thyroid gland 286 Follicle-stimulating hormone-releasing hormone ^ gonadoliberin Follicular phase 298, 300 Follitropin (FSH) 269, 298, 300, 306

man 306

menstrual cycle 298 peak 300

receptor density 300 second messenger 274 secretion, activin 306 DHT306

estrogens 300, 306 inhibin 300, 306 neuropeptid Y300 norepinephrine 300 progesterone 300 pulsatile 298 testosterone 306 Food deprivation, energy reserve 282

Foot, conversion into SI unit 372 Foramen ovale 220

patent 220 Force, unit 374

Forced expiratory volume (FEV) 118

vital capacity 118 Force-velocity curve, muscle 68

Fa Fo

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