T

t (ton), unit 374 T (multiple of a unit) 373 T wave, ECG 196 T3 ^ triiodothyronine and thyroid hormones T4 ^ thyroxine and thyroid hormones Tachycardia 200, 218 atrial 200 in shock 218 sinus 200 ventricular 200 Tachykinin 55 F

second messenger 276 Tachypnea 108 Tactile motor function 314 TAL (thick ascending limb) 162 Tanning lamps, calcitriol synthesis 292

Target value (control circuit) 4 Taste 338 Taurine 248

Tawara's bundle branches 192 TBG (thyroxine-binding globulin) 288

TBPA (thyroxine-binding pre-

albumin) 288 TCT ^ calcitonin Tears 344

Tectorial membrane 364 Tectum 326

TEE (total energy expenditure) 226

Telencephalon 310 Temperature 375 body132, 222, 224 circadian variation 224, 381 C

regulation 222 ff. skin 222 unit 375 Temporal lobe system 336 Temporal summation, visual receptors 352 Tendon, Golgi organs 316 Tension time index, heart muscle 210

Tensor tympani muscle 364 Terminal button 42 Testis 254, 268, 294, 306 FSH effect 306 HDL receptors 254 Testosteron, 5-a-dihydro 306 Testosterone 268, 300, 306 receptor 306 synthesis 294 Tetanus 56 skeletal muscle 66 smooth muscle 70 Tetany 46, 290, 292 Tetrahydrofolate 260 Tetraiodothyronine (T4) 286 Tetrodotoxin (TTX) 47 B TGF(tubuloglomerular feedback) 172, 184

TGF(transforming growth factor)-

|3 receptor 278 Thalamus 310, 318, 322, 338, 340, 368

auditory pathway 368 disinhibition 326 visual pathway 358 Theca cells 300 Theophylline 276 Thermal balance 222

neural factors in 225 D Thermodynamics, laws 38 ff. Thermogenin 222, 230, 288 Thermogenesis, non-shivering 224 Thermoneutral zone 224 Thermoregulation 222, 224

TRH release 286 Thermosensors 224, 314 hypothalamus 330 central 224 Thiamine, intestinal absorption 260

Thiazide 162, 172 Thick ascending limb (TAL) 162 Thiocyanate 286 Thiouracil 286 Thirst 168, 170, 224, 236 center 168 shock 218 Thorax 108 ff.

Three-dimensional vision 360 Threonin 226 Threshold(s) 312, 340 aerobic 76 anaerobic 72, 76 audiogram 366 auditory 362 ff. potential 46, 48, 192 recognition, smell 340

taste 338 visual 352 Thrombin 102, 104 Thrombocyte (^ also platelet) 88,102 f. aggregation 102 inhibition 85, 104 Thrombocytopathia 104 Thrombocytopenia 100, 104 Thrombokinase 104 Thrombopoietin 88, 148 Thromboprotection 104 Thrombosis 104 Thromboxane A2 102, 214, 269, 276

second messenger 276 Thrombus 102, 104 Thryptophan 226 Thymine 8 Thymosin 266 Thymus 88, 94

Thyreotropic hormone-releasing hormone (TRH) ^ thyroliberin Thyrocalcitonin ^ calcitonin Thyroglobulin 286 Thyroid gland 36, 286 hormones 286 nuclear receptors 278, 288 actions 288 control of release 288 parafollicular C cells 36, 286, 292

peroxidase (TPO) 286 Thyroid-stimulating hormone ^

thyrotropin Thyroliberin 268, 269, 280, 286, 303

second messenger 274, 276 Thyrotropic hormone (TSH) ^

thyrotropin Thyrotropin (TSH) 269, 280, 286 receptor, autoantibody 288 releasing hormone ^ thy-

roliberin second messenger 274, 276 Thyroxine (T4) 268, 286 Thyroxine-binding globulin (TBG) 288 prealbumin (TBPA) 288 Tidal volume 106, 112, 114, 118, 120

alveolarpart (Va) 114,120 exercise 74 maximum 77 C physical work 74 training 76 Tiffeneau test 118 Tight junction, function 18

renal tubule 154 Timbre 362 Tin (Sn) 226 Tip links 342, 366 Tissue, hormones 268 injury, blood clotting 103 B1 plasminogen activator (tPA) 104

respiration 106, 130 thrombokinase 104 thromboplastin 102 inhibitor 104 Titin 60, 66 Titratable acid 174 Titration curve 380 T-killer cells 94, 98, 232 TLC (total lung capacity) 112, 113 A

TNF(tumor necrosis factor)a, effect on CRH secretion 296

Tocopherol 260

Tolerance, immunologic, peripheral 98 central 94 Ton, unit 374 Tone (sound) 362 Tongue 338 Tonicity 377 f.

Tonotopicity, auditory pathway

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