V

An At

Androgen-binding protein 306 Androgens 300, 306 adrenal cortex 294 synthesis 294, 306 follicle 300 Androstenedione 300 Anemia 226, 260 hyperchromic 90 hypochromic, iron deficiency 90

pernicious 260 sickle cell 92 Anergy 98 ANF ^ Atriopeptin Angina pectoris 318

ECG 198 Angiotensin I 184

lung 106 Angiotensin II (AT II) 158,170, 182,184, 212 aldosterone secretion 182 effects 184, 212, 216 CSF 168

degradation, renal 158 receptors 184 second messenger 274 Angiotensin-converting enzyme

(ACE) 184 Angiotensinogen 184

synthesis, cortisol effect 296 Ängström (unit) 372 Anion exchange, red blood cells 124

Anode 50 Anomaloscope 356 Anovulatory cycle 298 Anoxia (^ also hypoxia) 130,134 ANP ^ Atriopeptin ANS (Autonomic nervous system) 78 ff., 194, 212 ff., 234, 266, 330 Anterior pituitary 268, 280 Anterolateral funiculus, tracts

318, 322 Antibodies (^ also immuno-

globulins) 94, 98, 100 Anticoagulants 104 Anticodon 8, 10 Antidiuresis 164, 166 Antidiuretic hormone ^ adi-uretin

Antigen-antibody complex 98 allergy100 presentation 96, 98 Antigen-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) 96 Antigens 94, 98 incomplete 100 presentation 96, 98 thymus-dependent (TD) 98 thymus-independent (TI) 98

Antihemophilic factors 102 Antiovulatory effect 303 a2-Antiplasmin 104 Antiport, definition 26 Antipyrine 168 Antithrombin 104 Antrum, stomach 240 a1-Antitrypsin 104 Anulospiral endings 316 Anuria 164 Anus 264 Aorta 188 blood flow velocity 190 flow rate 191 A pressure 190, 204 influence on heart functions

204 sensors 214 valves 190 APC (antigen-presenting cells)

96, 97 B, 98 Aphasia 370 Apnea 108, 132 Apolipoproteins 92, 254 Apomorphine 238 Apoptosis 98, 272, 300 Apotransferrin 90, 92 Apparatus, juxtaglomerular 172, 184

Aprotinin 105 C AQP ^ Aquaporins Aquaporins 24, 166, 174 Aqueous humor 344 Arachidonic acid 268, 276 Arachnoid villi 310 ARAS (ascending reticular activating system) 322, 332

Archeocerebellum 326 Area prostrema, chemosensors

238 Areflexia 320

ARF (ADP-ribosylation factor) 30 Arginine 174, 226, 258, 282, 284 glucagon secretion 284 intestinal absorption 258 insulin release 282 Aromatase 300, 306 Arousal activity 332 Arrhenius 40 Arrhythmia 218 ff absolute 200 Areflexia 328 Arrestin 350 Arsenic (AS) 226 Arteries (^ also artery) 186 ff., 188

arcuate 150 bronchial 186 compliance 188 coronary, myocardial perfusion 186

interlobular 150 pressure 206 umbilical 220 Arteriole 186 ff. afferent 184 efferent 184 Arteriosclerosis 208, 210, 302 coronary artery 210 hypertension 216 Artery (^ also arteries), carotid, pressure sensors 214 interlobular 150 pulmonary 122 pressure 122 fetus 221 B Ascending reticular activating system (ARAS) 322, 332

Ascites 208

Ascorbate ^ vitamin C Aspartate 174, 258 intestinal absorption 258 receptor types 55 F second messenger 55 F Aspirin® 104,268,318 Associative cortex 324, 329, 336 Asthma 100, 118 Astigmatism 346 Astrocytes 338 Astrup method 146 at, conversion into SI unit 374 AT I receptor 184 AT II (Angiotensin II) 158,170, 182,184, 212 receptor 184 Ataxia 328 Atelectasis 118 Atenonol 87 B

Athosclerosis ^ Arteriosclerosis atm, conversion into SI unit 374 Atmosphere, physical, 374

technical, 374 Atomic mass 374 ATP41, 64, 72,86, 228 control of K+ channels 282 coronary vasodilatation 210 cotransmitter 84 creatine phosphate 228 free enthalpy 41 gain, glucose 73 B neurotransmitter 86 production 12 aerobic 39 C supply of energy, muscle 72 synthesis 12 transport, active 26 tubular epithelium 154 ATPase (^ also Na+-K+-ATPase, Ca2+-ATPase) 26, 58, 72, 84

ATPS (Ambient temperature pressure H2O-satu-rated) 112 ATP-synthetase 17 Atrial fibrillation 200 flutter 200 septal defect 220 tachycardia 200 Atriopeptin (ANF, ANP) 152,162, 170, 182, 218 aldosterone secretion 182 receptor 278 Atrioventricular (AV) block 162, 200

node 192, 194 valves 190 Atrophy, compensatory 272 Atropine 82

transport, tubular 160 Attention 326, 336 automated 336 EEG 332 selective 336 Atto- (submultiple of a unit) 373 Audiometer 366 Auditory canal 364 pathway 368 threshold 339 Auerbach plexus (myenteric plexus) 244 Autoantibody 100

TSH receptor 288 Autogenous inhibition 316 Autoimmune disease 94 Automaticity, heart 192 Autonomic nervous system (ANS) 78 ff., 194, 212 ff., 234, 266, 330 Autophagia 12 Autophagic vacuole 12 Autophagosomes 12 Autophosphorylation, receptor tyrosine kinase 278 Autoreceptor 86

presynaptic 52, 82, 146 Autoregulation 4, 212 coronary 210 gastrointestinal 232 renal 150 Auxotonic contraction 64, 66 AV ^ atrioventricular avDo2 (arterial venous O2 difference) 106,107 A aVF(ECG leads) 196 aVL(ECG leads) 196 Avogadro's constant (Na) 20, 374 aVR (ECG leads) 196 Axolemma 42 Axon 42 capacitive flow of charge 48 conduction velocity 48, 49 C diameter 48

hillock 42

membrane capacity 48 myelin sheath 42 nodes of Ranvier 42 reflexes 214

saltatory conduction 48 Axonal transport 42, 280

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