In a hit-and-run fatality, a study of the injuries may help identify the vehicle. The points of impact on a body are particularly important and clothing must be closely examined for paint chips and parts of the vehicle that may be transferred on impact. Bumper impact sites on the legs should be measured from the heel. This may indicate the bumper height. A bumper fracture is often triangular in shape with the apex of the triangle pointing in the direction that a vehicle was moving. If a driver applied the brakes suddenly, a bumper fracture may be lower than expected because applying the brakes may drop the front end of the car. Adults tend to be run under while children with a lower centers of gravity tend to be run over.
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