Surgical History

In the 1880s, the cystoscope was perfected by Maximillian Nitze. Twenty years later, Georg Kelling of Dresden placed a cystoscope into the inflated abdomen of a dog.

The term laparoscopy was coined by Hans Jacobaeus, and he was the first to publish about thoracoscopy and laparoscopy in humans.

Erich Mühe performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy in 1985.

There was a major technological advance in the mid 1980s when the high resolution charge couple device was developed for video cameras.

This led to popularization of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy by Phillippe Mouret in 1987.

The versatility of laparoscopy was demonstrated when the first laparoscopic appendectomy was performed by Semm in 1983, and the first laparoscopic nissen fundoplication was carried out by Geagea in 1991.

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