Diagnosis

1. The presence of motile trichomonads on wet mount is diagnostic of infection, but this occurs in only 50-70% of cases. Other findings include an elevated vaginal pH (>4.5) and an increase in polymorphonuclear leukocytes on saline microscopy.

2. Culture on Diamond's medium has a 95% high sensitivity and should be considered in patients with elevated vaginal pH, increased numbers of polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and an absence of motile trichomonads and clue cells; rapid diagnostic kits using DNA probes and monoclonal antibodies have a sensitivity of 90%.

3. Trichomonads are often seen on conventional Papanicolaou smears, but false positive results are not uncommon (30%). Thus, asymptomatic women with Trichomonas identified on conventional Pap smear should not be treated until the diagnosis is confirmed by wet mount. Treatment of asymptomatic women with trichomonads noted on liquid-based cervical cytology is recommended.

E. Therapy is indicated in all nonpregnant women diagnosed with Trichomonas vaginitis and their sexual partner(s). Intercourse should not resume until both partners have completed treatment.

1. Metronidazole is the treatment of choice. Oral is preferred to local vaginal therapy since systemic administration achieves therapeutic drug levels in the urethra and periurethral glands. Sexual partners should also be treated.

2. Similar cure rates are obtained with oral metronidazole in a dose of 500 mg twice a day for seven days (cure rate, 85-90%) and a single 2 g oral dose (82-88%). Patients should be advised not to take alcohol for the duration of 48 hours after treatment because of the disulfiram-like (Antabuse effect) reaction.

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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