Method of contraception

1. Sexual abstinence in the months preceding the onset of pain lessons the likelihood of pregnancy-related etiologies.

2. The risk of acute PID is reduced by 50% in patients taking oral contraceptives or using a barrier method of contraception. Patients taking oral contraceptives are at decreased risk for an ectopic pregnancy or ovarian cysts.

E. Risk factors for acute pelvic inflammatory disease. Age between 15-25 years, sexual partner with symptoms of urethritis, prior history of PID.

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