Nonpharmacologic therapy of osteoporosis in women

A. Diet. An optimal diet for treatment (or prevention) of osteoporosis includes an adequate intake of calories (to avoid malnutrition), calcium, and vitamin D.

B. Calcium. Postmenopausal women should be advised to take 1000 to 1500 mg/day of elemental calcium, in divided doses, with meals.

C. Vitamin D total of 800 IU daily should be taken.

D. Exercise. Women should exercise for at least 30 minutes three times per week. Any weight-bearing exercise regimen, including walking, is acceptable.

E. Cessation of smoking is recommended for all women because smoking cigarettes accelerates bone loss.

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