Shortterm effects of estrogen deficiency

A. Hot flashes. The most common symptom of menopause is the hot flash, which occurs in 75 percent of women. Flashes are self-limited, with 50 to 75 percent of women having cessation of hot flashes within five years.

B. Hot flashes typically begin as the sudden sensation of heat centered on the face and upper chest, which rapidly becomes generalized. The sensation of heat lasts from two to four minutes, is often associated with profuse perspiration and occasionally palpitations, and is often followed by chills and shivering. Hot flashes usually occur several times per day.

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