Bacterial vaginosis

A. Incidence. Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginitis in women of childbearing age, with prevalence of 5-60%.

B. Microbiology and risk factors. Bacterial vaginosis represents a change in vaginal flora characterized by a reduction of lactobacilli and an increase of Gardnerella vaginalis, Mobiluncus species, Mycoplasma hominis, anaerobic gram-negative rods, and Peptostreptococcus species. Risk factors for bacterial vaginosis include multiple or new sexual partners, early age of first coitus, douching, cigarette smoking, and use of an intrauterine contraceptive device.

C. Clinical features. Symptoms include a "fishy smelling" discharge that is more noticeable after unprotected intercourse. The discharge is off-white, thin, and homogeneous. Pruritus and inflammation are absent.

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

Bacterial Vaginosis Facts

This fact sheet is designed to provide you with information on Bacterial Vaginosis. Bacterial vaginosis is an abnormal vaginal condition that is characterized by vaginal discharge and results from an overgrowth of atypical bacteria in the vagina.

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