Thirdgeneration progestins

a. More selective progestins include norgestimate, desogestrel, and gestodene. They have some structural modifications that lower their androgen activity. Norgestimate (eg, Ortho-Cyclen or Tri-Cyclen) and desogestrel (eg, Desogen or Ortho-Cept) are the least androgenic compounds in this class. The new progestins are not much less androgenic than norethindrone.

b. The newer OCs are more effective in reducing acne and hirsutism in hyperandrogenic women. They are therefore an option for women who have difficulty tolerating older OCs. There is an increased risk of deep venous thrombosis with the use of these agents, and they should not be routinely used.

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