Treatment Guidelines for Osteoporosis

Calcium supplements with or without vitamin D supplements or calcium-rich diet

Weight-bearing exercise

Avoidance of alcohol tobacco products

Alendronate (Fosamax)

Risedronate (Actonel)

Raloxifene (Evista)

Agents for Treating Osteoporosis

Medication

Dosage

Rout e

Calcium

1,000 to 1,500 mg per day

Oral

Vitamin D

400 IU per day (800 IU per day in winter in northern latitudes)

Oral

Alendronate (Fosamax)

Prevention: 5 mg per day or 35 mg once-a-week Treatment: 10 mg per day or 70 mg once-a-week

Oral

Risedronate (Actonel)

5 mg daily or 35 mg once weekly

Oral

Raloxifene (Evista)

60 mg per day

Oral

Conjugated estrogens

0.3 mg per day

Oral

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