Medical Management

Antibacterial Therapy: may be administered for short-term or long-term usage.

Ureteral Reimplantation Surgery: antireflux surgery, consists of reimplantation of ureters into the bladder.

Follow-up Evaluation: children with reflux should be evaluated at a clinic at 3-month intervals. VCUG: is recommended again, at 2 to 6 months postoperatively.

Analgesics: to control pain postoperatively.

Antispasmodics: flavoxate hydrochloride (Urispas), propantheline (Banlin), PO, belladonna and opium (BSO) suppository to relax smooth muscle of bladder and reduce discomfort caused by bladder irritation and spasms.

Urine Culture: reveals infectious agent and basis for antibacterial therapy or need for modification of therapy.

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