Photoaging

Pearl E. Grimes

The author has no financial interest in any of the products or equipment mentioned in this chapter.

Contents

15.1 Definition 161

15.2 Etiology 161

15.3 Epidemiology 162

15.4 Clinical Types [2,3] 164

15.5 Therapeutic Intervention 164

15.5.1 Photoprotection 164

15.5.2 Retinoids 165

15.5.3 Tretinoin 166

15.5.4 Tazarotene 167

15.5.5 Retinol 167

15.5.6 Vitamin C 167

15.5.7 Alpha Hydroxy Acids 168

15.5.8 Polyhydroxy Acids 168

15.6 Bleaching Agents 168

15.6.1 Hydroquinone 168

15.6.2 Azelaic Acid 169

15.6.3 Kojic Acid 169

15.6.4 Miscellaneous 169

15.7 Chemical Peels for Photoaging 169

15.8 Superficial Peeling Agents 169

15.9 Medium-Depth Peeling 170

15.10 Summary 173

References 173

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