The Cognitive Diathesis in Diathesis Stress Models

The cognitive diathesis proposed by most cognitive models can be traced to the depression theory proposed by Beck (1963,1967). Beck was the first to argue that depression is the result of maladaptive cognitive structures in particular, that schemas about the self are causally linked to the disorder and are triggered by stressful life events. Although definitions vary somewhat, many investigators conceptualize self-schemas as organized representations of an individual's prior experiences (Segal,...

Diathesis Stress

Most cognitive models of depression, and by extension cognitive vulnerability models of depression, are explicitly diathesis-stress models these models argue that depression is the result of the interaction between cognitive factors and environmental stressors. The diathesis-stress approach specifies that, under ordinary conditions, people who are vulnerable to the onset of depression are indistinguishable from nonvulnerable people (Segal & Ingram, 1994). According to this idea, only when...

References

B., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., Donovan, P., Rose, D., Panzarella, C., & Raniere, D. (1999). Cognitive vulnerability to depression Theory and evidence. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 13, 5-20. Abramson, L. Y., Alloy, L. B., Hogan, M. E., Whitehouse, W. G., Donovan, P., Rose, D. T., Panzarella, C., & Raniere, D. (2002). Cognitive vulnerability to depression Theory and evidence. In R. L. Leahy & E. T. Dowd (Eds.), Clinical advances in cognitive...

Basic Tenets Of Cognitive Models Of Emotional Disorder

The most basic tenet of cognitive clinical models is that cognitions mediate the relation between events that people experience and the emotions that they feel. A passage from Dickens aptly illustrates this keystone of cognitive models of emotional disorders and other psychopathology. It clearly conveys the fact that individuals can radically differ from each other in the ways that they privately explain and understand different characteristics of the same stimulus event Oh, you cruel, cruel...