Diathesis Stress

Most cognitive models of depression, and by extension cognitive vulnerability models of depression, are explicitly diathesis-stress models; these models argue that depression is the result of the interaction between cognitive factors and environmental stressors. The diathesis-stress approach specifies that, under ordinary conditions, people who are vulnerable to the onset of depression are indistinguishable from nonvulnerable people (Segal & Ingram, 1994). According to this idea, only when confronted with certain stressors do cognitive differences between vulnerable and non-vulnerable people emerge, which then turn into depression for those who are vulnerable (Ingram & Luxton, in press; Monroe & Hadjiyannakis, 2002; Monroe & Simons, 1991; Segal & Shaw, 1986). More specifically, most cognitive models propose that when stressful life events are encountered by vulnerable people, these events precipitate a pattern of negative, biased, self-referent information processing that initiates the first cycle in the downward spin of depression (Segal & Shaw, 1986). Alternatively, individuals who do not possess this diathesis react with an appropriate level of depressive affect to the event, but do not become depressed.

Letting Go, Moving On

Letting Go, Moving On

Learning About Letting Go, Moving On Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life And Success! Don't be held back by the past - face your guilt and fears and move on! Letting go is merely arriving at a decision, no more allowing something from the past tense to influence your life today or to cut down your inner sense of peace and welfare.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment