Table

CVD Project Criteria for the Diagnosis of Hopelessness Depression

A Hopelessness must be present for at least 2 weeks for a definite diagnosis or at least 1 week for a probable diagnosis.

B At least 5 of the following criterial symptoms must be present for at least 2 weeks, overlapping with each other on at least 12 of 14 days for a definite diagnosis, or at least 4 of the following symptoms must be present for at least 1 week, overlapping with each other on at least 6 out of 7 days for a probable diagnosis.

Criterial symptoms: sadness, retarded initiation of voluntary responses, suicidal ideation/acts, sleep disturbance-initial insomnia, lack of energy, self-blame, difficulty in concentration, psychomotor retardation, brooding/worrying, lowered self-esteem, dependency

C The onset of hopelessness must precede the onset of the criterial symptoms by at least 1 day and no more than 1 week.

of follow-up have not yet been analyzed, this chapter focuses primarily on findings so far from the first 2% years of follow-up.

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