A Cured Meat Guide for Everyone

Meat Preserving And Curing Guide

The meat was originally processed to preserve it, but since the different procedures result in many changes in texture and flavor, it is also a way to add variety to the diet. Processing also makes it possible to mix the least desirable parts of the carcass with lean meat and is also a means of prolonging the meat supply by including other foodstuffs such as cereals in the product. extremely perishable product and quickly becomes unfit for consumption. may be hazardous to health due to microbial growth, chemical change and degradation by endogenous enzymes. These processes can be reduced by decreasing the temperature sufficiently to slow or inhibit the growth of microorganisms, by heating to destroy organisms and enzymes (cooking, canning) or by removal of water by drying or osmotic control (by binding water with salt or other substances so that it is no longer available for organizations). It is also possible to use chemicals to curb growth and, very recently, ionizing radiation (the latter possibility is not allowed in some countries, however). Traditional methods used for thousands of years involve drying by wind and sun, salting and smoking. Canning dates back to the beginning of the 19th century and preserves food for many years because it is sterilized and protected from further contamination. Read more...

Meat Preserving And Curing Guide Summary

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History of food manufacturing

In the 19th century, industrialization set in, and society changed with it. The population began to grow and large industrial areas developed. People became separated from the sites of growth, manufacturing and preservation of their food. This development was possible because new food preservation and production methods were developed, and old and new methods were made suitable for application on a large industrial scale. For instance, in 1809 Nicolas Appert discovered that food can be preserved by heat treatment. At first, the food was heated in glass vessels. About 50 years later tins were introduced in the U.S., while in that same period, Nestl started the production of condensed milk and powdered milk by concentrating milk through evaporation. The development of methods for the extraction of sugar from sugar beets and the production of a butter substitute from vegetable oils and cheap animal fats, i.e., margarine, also took place in the 19th century.

Fennel Foeniculum vulgare Apiaceae

Fennel is a native perennial of southern Europe and the Caucasus and is widely naturalized in Europe and North America. The leaves were very popular as a herb with the Romans. The leaves and seeds both have a strong anise flavor. Fennel leaves have been used in Britain for centuries with fresh or salted fish, as fennel sauce, or chopped in mayonnaise or in stuffing. In Italy it is used to flavor pork. Seeds are used to flavor bread, pastries, confectionary, liqueurs, and fish dishes. They contain an essential oil whose main constituent is anethole. The cultivated form, Florence fennel (see following, subsp. vulgare var. azoricum), has an enlarged, sweet tasting leaf base or bulb that is cooked as a vegetable or sliced raw in salads.

Mustards Brassica spp and Sinapis alba Brassicaceae

Grown on imperial farms in central Europe. In mediaeval Europe, mustard was valued to flavor salted meat. Vasco da Gama included it in provisions for his voyage in 1547. In 1542, Fuchs observed that mustard was planted everywhere in gardens in Germany, while in 1597 Gerard noted that it was not common in England, but that he had distributed seed.

Raw material control

Clearly, the presence of L. monocytogenes represents the greatest hazard to those products whose raw materials are not subject to a subsequent process stage capable of reducing or eliminating the organism. Such products include cheeses made from raw milk, cold smoked fish and raw fermented meats. However, high levels of the organism in raw materials intended for products that only receive mild processing such as prepared salads and coleslaw, where the materials are only washed, can also represent a significant hazard. Evidence of this was seen in the large outbreak associated with coleslaw (sliced cabbage and carrots, without dressing) that occurred in Canada in 1981 (Schlech et al., 1983). Raw fish used for manufacture of products such as smoked salmon or trout may occasionally be contaminated with Listeria species at an incidence of

Control issues Clostridium botulinum

Glycerol, sucrose) or degree of cooking or baking resulting in adjustment of aW, must be considered carefully and tested. Thus the reduction in salt in certain preserved products may reach values that cannot prevent the growth of the organism, e.g. in cold-smoked fish levels of less than 3.5 salt on water have been found.42 In general the tendency towards more lightly preserved, lower thermal processing of foods could readily lead to more outbreaks of botulism as more reliance is placed on low temperatures (less than 3 C) alone to prevent or limit growth. Temperature abuse, in the distribution chain or in the domestic refrigerator, can occur readily.

Six grams of salt a day are enough

All sausage products, preserved meats, salted meat, ham (raw or smoked) Salted and other types of preserved herring, eels, smoked fish, fish salad, sardines in oil, smoked salmon It is tedious to calculate your exact daily salt intake and generally impractical. You should therefore follow these rules avoid adding salt to meals and avoid the consumption of very salty foods, such as salted pork, salted nuts, ready-made soups, smoked meats and preserved foods. Herbs and spices can greatly improve the taste of meals that are low in salt. Don't worry, after 4-6 weeks 'acclimatization', even the most low-salt meal will taste just as good as one containing a lot of salt used to do.

Use of food additives in relation to their safety

Tartrazine is widely used in foods, such as the packaged convenience foods mentioned above, smoked fish, chewing gum, sweets, beverages, and canned fruit preserves. The dye has undergone extensive testing, and was found to be harmless in experimental animals. However, various types of allergic reactions are attributed to tartrazine. As little as 0.15 mg can elicit an acute asthmatic attack in sensitive persons. The average daily intake of tartrazine is estimated at 9 mg kg body weight in the US, while the ADI is 7.5 mg kg body weight.

Barbara Pickersgill

Spices, like herbs, add interest to a diet containing mostly bland carbohydrates and mask unpleasant flavors in imperfectly preserved meat. They are characteristically aromatic, usually but not always because they contain volatile oils or resins. Virtually any part of the plant may be used rhizomes (ginger, turmeric), bark (cinnamon), leaves (curry plant), flower buds (cloves, capers), stigmas (saffron), arils (mace), but most often fruits and or seeds are used.

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