Warm, moist parts of the body susceptible to infection; host factors such as oral hygiene important in intraoral infection (thrush); primary immune defects in muco-cutaneous candidiasis; endocrinopathies such as diabetes mellitus, Cushing's syndrome, Addison's disease, hypoparathy-roidism associated with recurrent infections
Thrush: discrete or confluent white plaques on oral mucosa common on the tongue; erythema and fissures at the corners of the mouth
Candida intertrigo: red macerated intertrig-inous areas with satellite pustules Vulvovaginitis: pruritic, white, cheesy discharge; beefy red vulva Chronic mucocutaneous variant: white adherent plaques of thrush or the angular cheilitis of perleche; oral involvement may extend to the esophagus; nails are thickened, fragmented, and discolored, with significant edema and erythema of the surrounding periungual tissue; skin lesions often are acral or in the scalp, with ery-thematous, hyperkeratotic, serpiginous plaques
Interdigital involvement (erosio interdigitalis blastomycetica): erythema, scale, and satellite papules and pustules, most commonly in the space between the long finger and ring finger
Thrush: Fordyce spots; hairy leukoplakia; lichen planus; aphthous stomatitis; pemphigus vulgaris; herpes simplex virus infection Candida intertrigo : tinea cruris; contact dermatitis; seborrheic dermatitis Inverse psoriasis mucocutaneous variant: acrodermatitis enteropathica; immunodeficiency diseases such as HIV infection, DiGeorge syndrome, Nezelof syndrome or
severe combined immunodeficiency; nutritional deficiency
Thrush: clotrimazole 10 mg troche taken 3 times daily for 7-10 days; fluconazole; itra-conazole
Candida intertrigo: fluconazole; azole antifungal agents; Zeasorb AF powder used twice daily as prophylaxis Mucocutaneous variant: fluconazole; clot-rimazole 10 mg troche taken 3 times daily for 7-10 days; cimetidine 400 mg PO 4 times daily indefinitely
Zuber TJ, Baddam K (2001) Superficial fungal infection of the skin. Where and how it appears help determine therapy. Postgraduate Medicine 109(1):117-120,123-126,131-132
Tobin DJ, Paus R (2001) Graying: gerontobiology of the hair follicle pigmentary unit. Experimental Gerontology 36(1^29-54
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The term vaginitis is one that is applied to any inflammation or infection of the vagina, and there are many different conditions that are categorized together under this ‘broad’ heading, including bacterial vaginosis, trichomoniasis and non-infectious vaginitis.