Info

breathing regulation, 82

signal transmission, 6

hypothalamus, 334

cholelithiasis, 166

actin-myosin, 224

magnesium, 126

coronary circulation, 216

action potential, heart, 180 ff,

nephritis, 106

esophagus, 136 ff

188,126

nephrotic syndrome, 104

neuromuscular

action potential,

renal hypertension, 114

transmission, 304

nerves, 302 ff

signal transmission, 6f

peptic ulcer, 144

activin, 274

urinary concentra-

signal transmission, 6f

acute myeloid leukemia, 30

tion, 98 ff

acetylcholinesterase,

acute pancreatitis

urolithiasis, 120

300,304

see pancreatitis

vomiting, 140

acetyl-CoA-cholesterol-

acute renal failure, 108 f,

water balance, 122

acetyl transferase, 164

230 ff, 250

adhesion, 156

adhesion molecules, ad atherosclerosis, 238

- eicosanoids, 296

am inflammation, 48 ff tumors, 16 adiposity see obesity adiuretin see ADH ADP, 60, 64, 216 adrenal medulla (see autonomic nervous system) 332 f adrenaline see epinephrine adrenals, 266ff,332f lipoprotein, 246 adrenergic see (nor)epinephrine adrenocortical hormones, 266 ff, 342 (see cortisol, aldosterone, testosterone) adrenocortical insufficiency, 270

x adrenogenital syndrome, a 264 f, 274 c hypertension, 210 ff adult respiratory distress syndrome, 232 advanced glycation end products, 290 f, 322 ff, 348 adventitia, 238 adynamia, 124 affinity, renal transport, 94 ff afibrinogenemia, 62 afterpotentials, 226 agammaglobulinemia, 58 aganglionosis, 156 AGE see advanced glycation end products age-1, 18 ageusia, 330, 360 aggrecan, 172 aggressiveness androgen, 272 aging, 18 f atherosclerosis, 236 deafness, 328 dementia, 348 diabetes mellitus, 290 emphysema, 78 hyperthermia, 24 olfaction, 330 somatotropin, 262 agnosia, 326

agranulocytosis, 58

AIDS (aquired immune deficiency syndrome), 58 AIDS, gastritis, 142

malabsorption, 154 AIDS-related complex, 58 ailment, 320 airways, 76, 80, 90 akanthocytes, 168 akinesia (see Parkinson's disease), 312f heart, 222 akinetopsia, 326 ALA (see aminolevulinate) alanine-glyoxylate amino-

transferase, 242 albumin, copper, 252 edemas, 234 hypothyroidism, 284 nephrotic syndrome, 104 alcohol (ism), addiction, 354 cerebellum, 316 consciousness, 342 EEG, 336 epilepsy, 338 esophagus, 138 gastritis, 142 gout, 250 hypoglycemia, 292 liver failure, 168 ff, 252 magnesium balance, 126 malabsorption, 154 memory, 346 motor unit, 306 olfaction, 330 pain, 320 pancreatitis, 158 ff peptic ulcer, 146 phosphate balance, 130 tissue repair, 51 vomiting, 140 aldosereductase, 290 aldosterone (see mineral-corticoids), 266 f alkalosis, 86 Bartter's syndrome, 98 circulatory shock, 232 diabetes mellitus, 288 glomerulonephritis, 102 ff hepatorenal syndrome, 118

hypertension, 210 ff pregnancy, 116 signal transmission, 7 taste, 330

alexia, 326

alkaline phosphatase, 132 alkalosis (see as well H+), 86 ff breathing regulation, 82 calcium, 128 Cushing's disease, 268 hypoxia, 84 insulin, 288 liver failure, 174 nephrotic syndrome, 104 phosphate, 130 potassium, 124 sleep disorders, 340 vomiting, 140 alkaptonuria, 242 allergens, 45,48, 52 allergies, 52 ff circulatory shock, 230 gastrointestinal tract, 134 histamine, 294 allodynia, 320 allopurinol, 168 Alport's syndrome, 242 altitude, 82, 86 coronary heart disease, 218

pulmonary hypertension, 214

aluminium, 130ff alveoli, 66 ff alveolitis, 54 Alzheimer's disease, 54 ff apotic cell death, 12 memory, 346 olfaction, 330 amacrine cells, 324 Amadori, 290 Amanita phalloides, 168 amaurosis, 326 amenorrhea, 276 f androgens, 272 Cushing's disease, 268 obesity, 26 prolactin, 260 somatotropin, 262 amines, 110,174 amino acids, 242 f cerebellum, 316 diabetes mellitus, 290 gastrointestinal tract,

134,154 hepatorenal syndrome, 118

hormones, 258 insulin, 288, 292 liver failure, 174 renal excretion, 94 ff, 110,116 somatotropin, 262 aminoaciduria, renal excretion, 94 ff Y-aminobutyrate see GABA Y-aminobutyric acid see GABA

a-amino-P-ketoadipate, heme synthesis, 254 aminolevulinate, 254 aminolevulinate syn-

thase, 254 aminolevulinatedehydro-

genase, 254 8-aminolevulinic acid,

36, 254 aminopterin, 34 ammonia, 92,174,342 amnesia, 346 ff amniotic fluid, 64 AMP, 250

AMPA receptor, 338 amphetamines, 312,350ff amplitude, blood pressure, 206

amygdala, 330, 346 amylase, 152 a-amylase, 134 P-amyloid precursor, 348 amyloidosis, 102,170 amyotrophic lateral sclerosis,

12, 306 anabolics, 274 anaemia see anemia anaerobic glycolysis, 30,88, 216 tumor cells, 16 anal fissure, 156 analgesia, 320 analgesic asthma, 296 analgesics, 354 anaphase, 2

anaphylactic shock, 52, 230 anaphylaxins, 50 anaphylaxis, 52f, 234 Andersen, 244 androgen (see testosterone), 272 f androgen-binding protein, 272

androstenedione, 264,

274, 278 anemia, 30ff,40 Addison's disease, 270 blood pressure, 206 cobalamine, 34 coronary heart disease, 218 diffusion abnormalities, 70 gastrectomy, 148 heme synthesis, 254 hypothyroidism, 284 hypoxia, 84 icterus, 168 malabsorption, 154 portal hypertension, 170 renal disease, 102,110 tumors, 16 anergy, 45, 56 anesthesia, 342 f anemias, 36 sensory system, 318 pain, 320 stroke, 360 anesthetics, neuromuscular transmission, 304 anesthetics, taste, 330 aneurysm, 212, 238 f, 360 ANF (atrial natriuretic factor)

see atriopeptin angina pectoris, 218 ff aortic stenosis, 198 aortic regurgitation, 200 coronary heart disease, 218 mitral regurgitation, 196 somatotropin, 262 vasculitis, 240 angiogenesis, 16 angioneurotic edema, 294 angioplasty, 220 angiostatin, 16 angiotensin (I, II), 122 f acute renal failure, 108 adrenocortical hormones, 266 ff antidiuretic hormone, 260 Bartter's syndrome, 98 circulatory shock, 232 edemas, 234

glomerular disease, 102 ff hepatorenal syndrome, 118

hypertension, 208 ff pregnancy, 116

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