T3 C

breathing regulation, 82 cardiac rhythm, 186 EEG, 336 esophagus, 138 prolactin, 260 sleep apnea, 82, 340 sleep disorders, 340 f sleep factors, 340 sleep pressure, 340 sleep-inducing peptides, 340 sleeping drugs, 336 sleepwalking, 340 slit membrane, 104 slow reacting substance of anaphylaxis, 48, 76 slow wave sleep, 340 sludge, 108

sludge phenomenon, 232 small-cell bronchial carcinoma, 260, 266, 304 smoking, atherosclerosis, 236 cell growth, 4 emphysema, 78 esophagus, 138 peptic ulcer, 146 tissue repair, 51 vasculitis, 240 smooth muscle cells, atherosclerosis, 238 cell growth, 2

eicosanoids, 296 esophagus, 136 histamine, 294 snake poisons, 40, 45, 64 SO42-, 86

social context, 354 sodium, see Na+ solitarius, 330 somatocrinin, 262 somatoliberins, 262 somatomedins, 262 somatosensory cortex,

318, 320 somatostatin, 6, 262 diabetes mellitus, 286 esophagus, 136 peptic ulcer, 144 thyroid hormones, 280 somatotropin, 262 f Addison's disease, 270 Alzheimer's disease, 348 autonomic nervous system, 332 hypothalamus, 334 insulin, 286, 290 ff kidney, 92

signal transmission, 6 somnambulism, 340 somnolence, 340 soporific drugs, 82 sorbitol, 150, 290, 322 ff SOS, 14

sound stress, 328 SP (substance P), 320 spasm, 156, 218 ff, 236 spasticity, 306, 310, 360 spatial orientation, 326 spatial perception, 360 spectrin, 40 speech, 316, 344 f, 360 spermatogenesis, 2, 272, 278 spherocyte anemia, 40 sphincter, 136,156 sphingomyelin, 7, 244 sphingomyelinase, 7,12, 244 sphygmomanometer, 206 spices, 138 spike activity, 336 spike-wave, 336 spinal cord, circulatory shock, 230 depression, 350 motor system, 310 pain, 320

sensory system, 318 spinal muscular atrophy, motor unit, 306 spinal shock, 310, 332 spinocerebellar tracts, Cerebellum, 316 ff spinothalamic tract, 360 spiny dendrites, 352 spleen, 28 ff anemias, 36 ff hemostasis, 62 lipidoses, 244 pancreatitis, 158 splenectomy, 40 splenomegaly, 170,174 split brain, 342 f spondylitis, 56 squinting, 358 ff SRSA (slow reacting substance ofanaphylaxis), 48, 76 serum amyloid A, 50 SRY (sex determining region ofy), 278 P-receptors, see epinephrine ST segment, 184 f coronary heart disease, 220 ff pericarditis, 228 potassium, 124 stabs, 48

Staphylococcus, 162 StAR (steroidogenic acute regulatory protein), 264 Stargardt's disease, 324 Starling's law, 234 starvation, 26 f cholelithiasis, 164 edema, 234 hypoglycemia, 292 hypothalamus, 334 magnesium, 126 phosphate, 130 potassium, 124 statins, 6, 260, 262, 286 statoliths, 330 stearate, 164 steel factor, 28 stem cell factor, 28 stem cells, 2, 28, 32, 40 stenosis, 156,160,194 ff stents, 220 stedtorrhea, 154 stereocilia, 328

steroid diabetes, 268, 286 steroid hormones (see individual hormones), 7, 264 ff, 282, 284 steroidogenic acute regulatory protein, 264 stomach, 134,142 ff Addison's disease, 270 copper, 252 Cushing's disease, 268 eicosanoids, 296 esophagus, 138 gastrectomy, 148 gastritis, 142 gastrointestinal tract, 134 histamine, 294 malabsorption, 152 stones, 160,174 stool, 150,156,168, 252 storage disease, 172, 242 ff streptococci, 54 ff, 102 streptomycin, 330 stress, adrenocortical hormones, 266 androgens, 272 antidiuretic hormone, 260 atherosclerosis, 236 constipation, 156 diabetes mellitus, 286 female sex hormones, 274 gastritis, 142 peptic ulcer, 146 prolactin, 260 somatotropin, 262 thyroid hormones, 280 urolithiasis, 120 stretch receptors, 122,318 stria vascularis, 328 striatum, 312ff, 352 stricture, 156 stridor, 76 stroke, 360 f atherosclerosis, 238 cerebral edema, 358 diabetes mellitus, 260 hypertension, 212 stroke volume, heart, 176 ff, 194 ff, 224 hypertension, 208 hypothyroidism, 284 stupor, 342

subarachnoid space, 356 subarachnoid hemorrhage, 238, 356

subceruleus nucleus, 340 subclavian steal syndrome, 206

substance P, Alzheimer's disease, 348 esophagus, 136 hepatorenal syndrome, 118 pain, 320

portal hypertension, 170 signal transmission, 7 vomiting, 140 substantia nigra, 312 ff, 360 subthalamic nucleus, basal ganglia, 312 ff subvalvar, aortic stenosis, 198 succinylcholine, 304 sudden infant death syndrome, 340 sulfate, 94, 150 sulfonamides hemolytic anemias, 40, 64, 168 sulfonylureas, 292 sun stroke, 22 superoxide dismutase,

42,172 superoxides, see oxidants supersaturation, 120 suprachiasmal nucleus,

334, 340 supramarginal gyrus, 344 supraoptic nucleus, 260, 334 supraspinal neurons, 310 supravalvar aortic stenosis,

198, 206 surfactant, 84,158 surgery (gastric), 142,146 ff suxamethonium chloride,

22, 304 SV, see stroke volume swallowing, 136 sweat, Addison's disease, 270

androgens, 272 autonomic nervous system, 332 circulatory shock, 230 coronary heart disease, 220 cystic fibrosis, 162 hyperthermia, 22 hypoglycemia, 292 hypothyroidism, 284

pain, 320

salt balance, 122 st somatotropin, 262 —

swelling, 48, 52 ta

SWS (slow wave sleep), 340 Sydenham's chorea, 314 sympathetic nerve system, 332 f adrenocortical hormones,

266, 270 atherosclerosis, 236 circulatory shock, 230 ff glaucoma, 322 heart, 182 f, 216, 224 ff hepatorenal syndrome, 118 hypertension, 208, 212 hypoglycemia, 292 pericarditis, 228 pupillary sphincter, 326 stroke, 360 sympathetic ophthalmia, 56 ^

synaptic cleft, 304 synaptobrevin, 304 syncope, 198, 202 synovial A cells, 44 synovial fluid, 250 syphilis, 200, 238 systemic lupus erythema-

todes, 54 ff, 156, 240 systole, 178 ff, 194 ff, 206 ff cerebral edema, 358 coronary circulation, 216, 220 heart failure, 224

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