Predisposing Factors In Maternal Infection

Candida vulvovaginitis occurs in about 25% of pregnant women; however, this is usually not associated with obstetrical complications (10,11). Although infrequent, ascending infections from the vagina and cervix can occur, leading to infection of the placenta. Because of the presence of chorioamnionitis or funisitis, candidemia and sepsis may occur in the pregnant woman, but this is rare. Invasive disease would be unlikely unless the mother was immunosuppressed. Such conditions would include human immunodeficiency virus, immunosuppressive therapy, prolonged corticosteroid or broad-spectrum antibiotic use, burns, trauma, and indwelling vascular and urinary catheters.

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