Retinal anatomy and physiology

Retinal Anatomy

If one were to observe a normal human retina through an ophthalmoscope, one would see the gross morphological features illustrated in Figure 11.2. On the right side of the figure is the head of the optic nerve, also called the optic disk. A number of blood vessels originate from approximately the center of the optic disk and spread to cover much of the inner retina the side of the retina closest to the lens . These vessels are supplied by the central artery and vein of the retina, which pass...