Measles vaccination

Prevention of measles in emergency situations has two major components routine vaccination and measles outbreak response. The disease can be prevented by the administration of measles vaccine. Some 95 of individuals vaccinated when over 9 months old gain lifelong immunity. Mass vaccination is a priority in emergency situations where people are displaced, there is disruption of normal services, there are crowded or insanitary conditions and or where there is widespread malnutrition, regardless...

Yellow fever vaccine

Vaccination is the primary means of preventing yellow fever. The yellow fever vaccine offers a high level of protection, with seroconversion rates of 95 or higher for both adults and children. The duration of immunity is at least 10 years and probably lifelong. The serological response to yellow fever vaccine is not inhibited by simultaneous administration of BCG, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, measles and poliomyelitis vaccines. Reactions to yellow fever vaccine are generally mild. It can be...

Further reading

Malnutrition and mortality in Kohistan district, Afghanistan, April 2001. Journal of the American Medical Association, 2001, 286 2723-2728. Gessner BD. Mortality rates, causes of death, and health status among displaced and resident populations of Kabul, Afghanistan. Journal of the American Medical Association, 1994, 272 382-385. Epi Info. Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA. Available from http www.cdc.gov epiinfo. EpiData. The EpiData Association,...