Risk assessment risk evaluation and risk management 1631 Risk management

Risk management is a complex process, based on information from various sources. A schematic overview of this process is presented in Figure 16.1.

First, the risk posed by a food component must be assessed, preferably in an objective and quantitative way. To do so, toxicological and epidemiological information is needed. Based on this information, guide values for components are determined. This is then followed by risk evaluation, in which the results of risk assessment are weighed against certain issues, such as those of socio-economical and political interest. Public perception also plays a role.

This process results in setting a standard. Such a standard is an important tool for risk management. Using the standard as a yardstick, the toxicological risks from food components are evaluated. If a standard is exceeded, the situation may become hazardous, and appropriate measures should be taken. These measures may concern risk intervention

Steps in the processes of risk assessment and risk management research risk assessment risk management research risk assessment risk management

Figure 16.1 Framework for risk assessment and risk management. (Source: Grant and Jarabek, 1990.)

(relief of the risk situation) and risk prevention. In some cases, potential risks are regularly controlled or monitored by the authorities. It should be noted that risk management is also the concern of food producers, scientists, and consumers.

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