Nanobacteria

Nanobacteria are the smallest cell-walled bacteria (0.2-0.5 mm), recently discovered in human and cow blood. The bacteria have been found in marine limestone, freshwater streams, springs, water pipes and caves (Folk, 1999). During their growth, nanobacteria form carbonate apatite on their cell envelope. Under the scanning electron microscopy, nanobacteria resemble the smallest apatite units in the kidney stone. Researchers now believe that nanobacteria can be the cause of kidney stones. Apatite...

References and further reading

Anderson M E, huff H E and marshall R T, 1985 Removal of animal fat from food grade belting as affected by pressure and temperature of sprayed water, Journal of Food Protection, 44 246-8. andrade n j, bridgeman t a and zottola e a, 1998 Bacteriocidal activity of sanitiz-ers against Enterococcus faecium attached to stainless steel as determined by plate count and impedance methods, Journal of Food Protection, 661 833-8. anon., 1964 Assessment of odour from packaging material used for foodstuffs,...