Contusions Bruises

Contusions are discolorations of the skin caused by bleeding into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels. In general, the older a person, the easier the vessels will rupture. There is no way, however, to determine exactly how much force is needed to produce a contusion. The age of a contusion is difficult to determine because of the great variability of a body's reaction to trauma. People with blood disorders and liver disease may develop more severe contusions than healthy individuals. As healing occurs, a contusion changes color from blue or red, to red-blue, to green, to brown, and finally yellow. These color changes, however, may appear out of order and may overlap. There is no way to know how long each color stage will last. Occasionally a recent contusion will have a brown tinge.

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Essentials of Human Physiology

Essentials of Human Physiology

This ebook provides an introductory explanation of the workings of the human body, with an effort to draw connections between the body systems and explain their interdependencies. A framework for the book is homeostasis and how the body maintains balance within each system. This is intended as a first introduction to physiology for a college-level course.

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