Ruptured Brain Aneurysm

FIGURE 3.6 Brown and yellow injuries with no bleeding are postmortem injuries. The injuries to this woman's back occurred after her death from head trauma.

Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.8 This is a laceration with surrounding abrasion and contusion. The man fell and hit his head while he was dying from heart disease.
Traumatic Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.5 The scraping away of the skin is an abrasion. The direction the body was traveling when the injury was received can be determined if the skin is heaped up on one edge.
Gun Shot Wounds Torso
FIGURE 3.7 Most blunt impact injuries do not leave a distinct enough pattern for the examiner to prove the type of weapon used.
Types Gunshot Wounds

FIGURE 3.9 The direction from which a blow to the head came can be determined by "undermining." The side of the wound which can be lifted off the bone is the undermined side. In this photograph, the ruler is placed under the scalp on the left side. This is the undermined side, indicating the blow came from the right side.

FIGURE 3.9 The direction from which a blow to the head came can be determined by "undermining." The side of the wound which can be lifted off the bone is the undermined side. In this photograph, the ruler is placed under the scalp on the left side. This is the undermined side, indicating the blow came from the right side.

Traumatic Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.10 This man was struck in the head multiple times with a large hammer. All three signs of blunt trauma are visible. The arrows outline the pattern of the hammer.
Blunt Trauma Wounds

FIGURE 3.11 This woman had two cookie cutter-like wounds FIGURE 3.12 The woman's son was beaten with the same which appear as if they were made by a pipe. Unfortunately, object; however, the patterns were not quite as obvious. See the weapon was never located. See next photo. next photo.

FIGURE 3.11 This woman had two cookie cutter-like wounds FIGURE 3.12 The woman's son was beaten with the same which appear as if they were made by a pipe. Unfortunately, object; however, the patterns were not quite as obvious. See the weapon was never located. See next photo. next photo.

Gun Shots WoundsBrain Aneurysm Blows

FIGURE 3.13 The wounds to his head were similar to his mother's wounds, but his were overlapping.

FIGURE 3.14 The multiple blows to this man's head were caused by the claw end of a hammer.

FIGURE 3.14 The multiple blows to this man's head were caused by the claw end of a hammer.

FIGURE 3.13 The wounds to his head were similar to his mother's wounds, but his were overlapping.

Head Shot WoundsGunshot Wounds Pictures
FIGURE 3.16 There were multiple lacerations on this man's head. There was no pattern. Looking at the rest of the body gave clues as to the origin of the tears. See next photo.

FIGURE 3.15 More claw injuries on the head from a hammer.

FIGURE 3.15 More claw injuries on the head from a hammer.

Gunshot Wounds The Brain

FIGURE 3.17 The contusions to his back were long with pale centers. When a long, thin, heavy object strikes the body, the point of impact may be pale and the edges will be bruised. See next photo.

Rifle Gunshot Wound The Head
FIGURE 3.18 The man died from a gunshot wound to the chest. The marks on the back were caused by blows from the barrel of the rifle and the lacerations of the head were caused by blows from the stock.
Chest Wounds Gunshot

FIGURE 3.20 The injuries to the back were similar to those on the front. They were caused by a thin object which left linear marks, some of which had pale centers. The assailant said he used a belt.

Images Gunshot Wound Children
FIGURE 3.19 This child was struck multiple times on the front and back of the trunk. He died of a ruptured liver. See next photo.
Child With Barrel Chest

FIGURE 3.21 This boy was involved in an accident. There were no obvious external injuries. See next photo.

FIGURE 3.20 The injuries to the back were similar to those on the front. They were caused by a thin object which left linear marks, some of which had pale centers. The assailant said he used a belt.

FIGURE 3.21 This boy was involved in an accident. There were no obvious external injuries. See next photo.

Gunshot Wound

FIGURE 3.23 This boy has spectacle hemorrhages. The black eyes may occur from a direct blow to the eyes, side of the head, or from blood seeping down around the eyes after fractures of the skull. If there are no injuries around the eyes then the hemorrhages probably came from fractures of the skull.

Gunshot Wound Liver
FIGURE 3.22 He died from a blow to the abdomen which caused lacerations of the liver. It is important to note there were no external signs of injury.
Girls Gunshot Injury
FIGURE 3.24 External injuries may not be present even if someone dies of head trauma. This child reportedly fell and struck his head. See next photo.

FIGURE 3.23 This boy has spectacle hemorrhages. The black eyes may occur from a direct blow to the eyes, side of the head, or from blood seeping down around the eyes after fractures of the skull. If there are no injuries around the eyes then the hemorrhages probably came from fractures of the skull.

Images Gunshot Wound Children
FIGURE 3.25 There were multiple areas of subscalpular hemorrhage which indicate the child was struck in the head and did not fall.
Gunshot Wound Child
the head; however, unless there are definable points of impact, the examiner must not "guess" as to the number of blows.
Gunshot Wounds The Head
FIGURE 3.28 Fractures of the skull signify at least one blunt impact injury. The fracture at the base of the skull in this case is called a "hinged" fracture because the front and back of the skull can be moved like a hinge.
Massive Skull Fracture

FIGURE 3.30 A ruptured cerebral aneurysm (a ballooned-out artery) will cause massive bleeding over the base of the brain.

Blood Vessel Rupture
FIGURE 3.29 Subarachnoid hemorrhage. When a blood vessel ruptures over the base of the brain the blood accumulates on both sides of the brain. This can be readily observed as soon as the skull and dura mater are removed. See next photo.

FIGURE 3.30 A ruptured cerebral aneurysm (a ballooned-out artery) will cause massive bleeding over the base of the brain.

Ruptured Brain Aneurysm
FIGURE 3.31 This is an example of epidural hemorrhage. The blood accumulates on the outside of the dura mater. The bleeding usually has a disk shape and it originates by the rupture of an artery. There is usually a fracture of the skull.
Burst Vein Base Head
FIGURE 3.32 A subdural hemorrhage is blood under the dura. It originates from ruptured veins. There may not be an associated fracture of the skull.
Autopsy Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.33 An old subdural hemorrhage may be discovered incidentally during an autopsy. The healed area of bleeding may become encapsulated (left) and can be removed, leaving only a space.
Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.35 Another subdural hemorrhage seen after removal of the brain.
Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.36 A red/brown contusion of the brain.
Autopsy Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.34 Subdural hemorrhage on the base of the skull of at least two days' duration. The brain has been removed.
Arrow Red Yellow Blew Colomia
FIGURE 3.37 Old bruises of the brain are yellow depressed lesions (arrows). Recent bruises are red to brown.
Gunshot Wounds
FIGURE 3.38 Contusions of the brain from a hammer blow.
Brain With Gunshot Wound
FIGURE 3.40 This is contrecoup injury to the brain. The overlying scalp and bone are not injured (arrow), indicating the blow was on the opposite side of the head.
Coup Contrecoup
FIGURE 3.41 Multiple coup contusions and lacerations of the brain caused by a heavy weapon.
Systoms Base Brain Anyusum
FIGURE 3.39 There are extensive injuries to this brain (arrow) from blows to the head. These injuries would be considered coup injuries if there were signs of external trauma on the same side as the brain injuries.
Gunshot Brain Laceration
FIGURE 3.42 Coup and contrecoup injuries in a traffic accident. Sometimes recreating the scene and how the person received the injuries may be difficult, if not impossible.
Gunshot Wounds

FIGURE 3.43 Intermediate contusions. The contusions (arrows) occurred when the decedent was ejected from the car and struck the top of his head on a tree.

Gunshot Wound

FIGURE 3.44 More intermediate contusions occurring after a blow to the top of the head while the head was in motion.

FIGURE 3.43 Intermediate contusions. The contusions (arrows) occurred when the decedent was ejected from the car and struck the top of his head on a tree.

FIGURE 3.44 More intermediate contusions occurring after a blow to the top of the head while the head was in motion.

Gunshot Wond

FIGURE 3.45 Injuries to the spinal cord may be obvious with prominent hemorrhage or they may only appear as a softening caused by bone impingement. Most victims of spinal cord injury who die do not have a "broken" neck because the bones of the vertebral column slip over each other and do not break (subluxation).

FIGURE 3.45 Injuries to the spinal cord may be obvious with prominent hemorrhage or they may only appear as a softening caused by bone impingement. Most victims of spinal cord injury who die do not have a "broken" neck because the bones of the vertebral column slip over each other and do not break (subluxation).

Gunshot Wounds Pictures
FIGURE 3.46 Individuals with liver and bleeding problems may have bleeding complications days after the trauma. The bleeding in this brain occurred five days after the decedent was struck in the head.
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Responses

  • aatifa medhanie
    What Do Abrasions Look Like?
    3 years ago
  • saara
    How is blood enter the eye during scalp injury?
    1 year ago

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