Pedestrians

In a hit-and-run fatality, a study of the injuries may help identify the vehicle. The points of impact on a body are particularly important and clothing must be closely examined for paint chips and parts of the vehicle that may be transferred on impact. Bumper impact sites on the legs should be measured from the heel. This may indicate the bumper height. A bumper fracture is often triangular in shape with the apex of the triangle pointing in the direction that a vehicle was moving. If a driver applied brakes suddenly, a bumper fracture may be lower than expected because applying the brakes may drop the front end of the car. Adults tend to be run under while children with a lower center of gravity tend to be run over.

Wounds Accidents
figure 13.1 Major accidents may or may not have associated deaths. Two people died in this head-on collision.
Gunshot Wounds ChildMajor Car Wounds
figure 13.3 This woman was lying outside the car. Was she in this position when first discovered? The investigator must speak with the first people to arrive at the scene.

figure 13.2 The examiner or investigator should know the position of the decedent in the vehicle.

figure 13.4 Careful examination of the vehicle may reveal areas on or in the car where the occupant made contact. There is brain material in this door frame.

figure 13.5 Leather sole shoes may have impressions from the brake or accelerator pedals. This may give a clue as to how the driver was reacting at the time of the accident.

Gunshot Wounds Suicide
figure 13.6 This vehicle ran straight into a tree. This was a suicide. The driver also had incised wounds of one of his wrists.
Gunshot Wounds Suicide
figure 13.7 The driver of this car drove his vehicle into a rock wall. A suicide note was discovered in the trunk.
Gunshot Wounds Suicide
figure 13.8 This woman was dead at the scene. The airbag prevented any external injuries.
Gunshot Injuries
figure 13.9 This is not an injury from the steering wheel. It is an abrasion from shocking the decedent during CPR. Notice similar marks on the left side of the chest.
Forehead Abrasion
figure 13.10 This man's forehead is abraded and torn from an impact with the windshield.
Making Chest Into Window Seat
figure 13.11 The angulated cuts on this man's face were caused by contact with the side window. The tempered glass making up the side window fractures in cubes. These injuries are called "dicing abrasions."
Gunshot Injuries Pictures
figure 13.13 These photos of an occupant reveal injuries to the shoulder and upper arm. The arrow points to the mark made by a seat belt, proving the decedent was the driver.
Gun Shot Wounds Arm

that could not be matched to any particular point in the car. figure 13.15 The mark on this woman's hip is from the lap belt.

that could not be matched to any particular point in the car. figure 13.15 The mark on this woman's hip is from the lap belt.

Gunshot Injuries Pictures
figure 13.16 Many nonspecific external injuries may be evident on an occupant.
Gunshot Injuries Pictures
figure 13.18 This open fracture of the ankle occurred when the driver's foot was caught under the seat.
Gunshot Wound Foot
figure 13.17 Extremity fractures with lacerations in a driver.
Pitures Fractures Foot
figure 13.19 Closed fractures of the ankles.

figure 13.20 The black arrow points to the most common site for aortic rupture during a chest impact. The lower white arrow points to the end of the aorta which attaches to the heart. This area may also rupture.

figure 13.21 This is an unusual tear in the aorta. The tear is usually horizontal (arrow on right) and not vertical as in this
Gunshot Wounds The Chest
figure 13.22 Extensive lacerations of the liver from an impact with the abdomen and lower chest.
Liver LacerationsGunshot Wound
figure 13.26 The only mark on this man's body was this contusion from a truck's cab, which trapped him as the truck trapped him. The man attempted to jump clear of the truck as it began to roll over. He died of asphyxiation.
Trucks Striking Pedestrians
figure 13.29 Pedestrians may receive injuries from striking the vehicle after being thrown into the air. There may also be secondary impact sites on the vehicles.
Positional Asphyxia Car Accident
figure 13.27 In this accident, the car overturned and one of the passengers was discovered dead, lying in this position. See next photo.
Positional Asphyxiation Adults
figure 13.28 A closer view reveals the boy's head (arrow) tightly compressed against his chest. He died from positional asphyxiation.
Positional Asphyxiation Adults
figure 13.30 Adult pedestrians tend to be "run under" when struck by automobiles. This man was struck and lifted into the air, coming to rest on the car's top and windshield. See next photo.

figure 13.32 Fractured bones may not match the external sites of impact.

figure 13.33 The heights of fractures need to be measured. The fracture heights may be matched to bumper heights. The distances may indicate whether or not the vehicle was braking at the time of impact.

figure 13.33 The heights of fractures need to be measured. The fracture heights may be matched to bumper heights. The distances may indicate whether or not the vehicle was braking at the time of impact.

Gun Shot Wound The Leg
figure 13.35 Patterns from the vehicle may be found. The arrows outline a headlight on this man's leg.
Multiple Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.34 Multiple points of impact from being struck during a hit-and-run.
figure 13.36 This pedestrian was struck in the back. The marks on her body are stretch marks.

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FIgUrE 13.37 Retroperitoneal hemorrhage. This state troop- his leg helped to identify the particular of truck.

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FIgUrE 13.37 Retroperitoneal hemorrhage. This state troop- his leg helped to identify the particular of truck.

er was struck by a drunk driver's car while issuing a ticket to another drunk driver.

Pictures Gunshot Wounds Face
figure 13.41 Stretch marks from a tire.

figure 13.42 This is an example of "road rash" after the man was ejected from the vehicle and slid across the road.

Road Rash The Face
figure 13.43 Road rash of the face.
Facial Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.45 Pieces of paint and other material found on clothing are important to collect. They may be matched to missing areas on a vehicle, as in this case.
Vehicular Decapitation
figure 13.44 Pieces of the vehicle may be embedded in the body.
Gunshot Wound Distance
figure 13.46 After high speed impacts, the site of initial impact may be quite some distance from the body.
Gunshot Wounds The Head Open Casket
figure 13.47 This scalp with ear was discovered on the truck involved in a hit-and-run.
Boy Open Casket
figure 13.49 The boy's head was reattached and there was an open casket funeral.
Open Casket Gunshot Wound
figure 13.48 This boy was decapitated after a hit-and-run. The distance of the head from the body helped prove the speed of the car. See next photo.
Gunshot Wounds The Head
figure 13.50 The girl wearing this bracelet was struck with such force that the bracelet abraded the skin.
Motorcycle Accident Wounds

figure 13.51 Motorcycles can be dangerous. Most fatalities figure 13.52 The body was thrown free of the motorcycle occur because of head trauma. See next photo. and impacted against the ground.

figure 13.51 Motorcycles can be dangerous. Most fatalities figure 13.52 The body was thrown free of the motorcycle occur because of head trauma. See next photo. and impacted against the ground.

Motorcycle Accident Wounds

figure 13.53 Most motorcyclists die from head trauma even figure 13.54 This accident did not appear serious; even so, if they are wearing helmets. the driver was dead. See next photo.

figure 13.53 Most motorcyclists die from head trauma even figure 13.54 This accident did not appear serious; even so, if they are wearing helmets. the driver was dead. See next photo.

Autopsy Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.55 There was no damage to the vehicle or apparent injury to the driver. Autopsy revealed he died of a heart attack. When accidents are minor and the driver is dead, the investigator must think of a natural cause first.
figure 13.56 This was the scene of a head-on collision. See next photo.
Gunshot Wounds Head
figure 13.60 The pilot was still pinned in the wreckage (arrow).
Autopsy Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.61 These extensive cutting injuries were caused by the propeller of an airplane. This man worked at the airport and walked in front of a small plane.
Autopsy Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.62 The propeller sliced off much of the side of his head.

figure 13.63 These are the remains of a man who died in an airplane accident. The body was so badly distorted that it could not be positively identified.

Motorcycle Accident Wounds
figure 13.65 More train injuries. The extremities appear as if they have been neatly incised.
figure 13.66 This young man was racing his motorcycle over a hill when he came down hard against the handlebars. See next photo.
Gunshot Wounds The Lungs
figure 13.68 Internally, there was a laceration of the lung (arrow) and the heart (not shown). See next photo.
Motorcycle Accident Wounds
figure 13.69 The most important injury was a transected aorta.
Gunshot Car Pictures
figure 13.71 The car came to rest in the adjacent field and the driver was dead in the front seat. The arrow points to a ruler which is measuring the size of the open window. The driver's hat was discovered next to a fence at the point of initial impact. See next photo.
figure 13.70 A car left the right side of the roadway at this curve. See next photo.
Gunshot Wounds Head
figure 13.72 The driver's head was down below the passenger seat. This was the only area of blood in the car. See next photo.
Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.73 The driver had multiple skull fractures and an open laceration of the scalp from a frontal impact; however, there were no points of impact(s) present inside the car.
Traumatic Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.74 This driver had an open defect of the skull with impressive brain trauma. See next photo.
Cranial Defect Open Scalp Wound
figure 13.75 A boy was riding his bicycle at home after work one night. The back wheel of the bicycle revealed he was struck from behind. The body was not at the scene of initial impact. See next photo.

figure 13.76 The body was discovered approximately three figure 13.77 There were considerable injuries on his side miles from the site of the accident. The line of blood next to from being dragged. See next photo. the body could be followed for two and a half miles. See next photo.

figure 13.76 The body was discovered approximately three figure 13.77 There were considerable injuries on his side miles from the site of the accident. The line of blood next to from being dragged. See next photo. the body could be followed for two and a half miles. See next photo.

figure 13.78 There were black rubbing marks from the tires of the truck. The only significant injuries to the body were those from being dragged. See next photo.
figure 13.80 The truck was discovered in a trailer park. The owner was inside. See next photo.

figure 13.79 There were abrasions of the face; however, there was no head trauma. See next photo.

Facial Gunshot Wounds
figure 13.81 There were signs where the bike was struck by the front of the truck. See next photo.
Gun Shot Wounds Face
figure 13.82 The driver's shoes were in the sink. He had attempted to wash them. Blood on the shoes matched the decedent's. The driver had no license and had been convicted three times for drunk driving. He was sent to jail for 25 years.
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Responses

  • Lanny
    Are most gunshots to front or back of the body?
    5 years ago
  • Maire
    Can you ever have an open casket after a gun shot wound to head?
    2 years ago
  • heike
    Can you have an open casket with gunshot to head?
    1 year ago

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