Hay Fever Home Remedies

Hay Fever and Allergies

This eBook addressed the real causes of seasonal allergies like hay fever and other irritating health problems, and provides more informed solutions based on recent research into how to stop allergies at the system level. It doesn't take much now to be able to get rid of allergies, without having to see a doctor, pay huge medical and pharmaceutical bills, or fill your body with chemicals that do more harm than good to your system. However, if you are a doctor or run a clinic of any kind, you can learn things that you can apply to your own clinic to provide maximum benefit to you and your patients. Keep yourself informed with real research! When you find the underlying causes of allergic rhinitis (the medical term for hay fever) you will be far more informed on how to fight this in your own body. Take the natural way to heal yourself!

Hay Fever and Allergies Summary


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Author: Case Adams
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I've really worked on the chapters in this book and can only say that if you put in the time you will never revert back to your old methods.

Overall my first impression of this ebook is good. I think it was sincerely written and looks to be very helpful.

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Evaluation of Eyelid Lesions

Fluid Filled Cyst Eyelid

Current and past illnesses should be reviewed. Of importance in patients presenting with rash-like symptoms is the recognition of atopy (as manifest by hay fever or asthma) as this history is suggestive of atopic dermatitis. Inquiry regarding past allergic reactions to food or medications is essential. Any systemic condition that may suppress the immune system and thus predispose the patient to cutaneous infections or neoplasia (such as HIV and diabetes) should be questioned.

Atopic Eczema Dermatitis

Rash From Figs Eaten

In most patients there is a family history of eczema or of other atopic diseases, such as asthma or allergic rhinitis. Atopic eczema usually presents during infancy and, often, may resolve during childhood, whereas in others it may persist into adult life. Atopic eczema usually affects the face, wrists, and the flexural aspects of the elbows and knees (Fig. 2). There may be some involvement of the trunk, and the rash may become generalized. The eczema may be complicated by bacterial infection, and there is evidence to suggest that many exacerbations of atopic eczema may be due to occult infection with Staphylococcus aureus. Eczematous skin is also more prone to infections with wart viruses, molluscum contagiosum, and herpesviruses. Patients with atopic dermatitis may develop a widespread and potentially fatal rash, eczema herpeticum, following the development of herpes simplex or following contact with individuals affected with herpes simplex.

Brompheniramine maleate

Action Kinetics Fewer sedative effects. tv2 25 hr. Time to peak effect 3-9 hr. Duration 4-25 hr. Uses Allergic rhinitis (oral). Par-enterally to treat allergic reactions to blood or plasma adjunct to treat anaphylaxis uncomplicated allergic conditions when PO therapy is not possible or is contraindicated. Contraindications Use in neonates.

Classification Antihistamine

Action Kinetics Fexofenadine, a metabolite of terfenadine, is an H1-his-tamine receptor blocker. Low to no sedative or anticholinergic effects. Onset Rapid. Peak plasma levels 2.6 hr. t 2, terminal 14.4 hr. Approximately 90 of the drug is excreted through the feces (80 ) and urine (10 ) unchanged. Uses Seasonal allergic rhinitis in adults and children 12 years of age and older.

Ephedra Ma huang Ephedra sinica Ephedraceae

Ephedra sinica represents one of the oldest medicinal plants in China, where it is known by the name of ma huang. It is estimated that its use began 4,000 years ago, particularly in northern China and Mongolia. Ephedra was used in ethnomedicine as a stimulant, to increase perspiration, and as an anti-inflammatory. In the Chinese school of medicine, a preparation called mimahuang, containing roasted honey and chopped dried aerial parts of this species, is claimed to be an effective treatment for flu and respiratory tract inflammations. Ephedra, which contains ephedrine and similar alkaloids, has been used extensively in the ancient pharmacy as an antihistaminic in the treatment of asthma and as a natural decongestant. It has become a very popular ingredient in herbal combinations for allergies and hay fever. Since it is a central nervous system stimulant and increases the metabolism and increases body temperature, it has been used to control weight and to help prevent sleep, and by...

Elevated Eosinophil and Basophil Counts

Reactive Bronchial Cells

Bacterial and viral infections are both unlikely ever to lead to eosinophilia except in a few patients with scarlet fever, mononucleosis, or infectious lymphocytosis. The second most common group of causes of eosinophilia are allergic conditions these include asthma, hay fever, and various dermatoses (urticaria, psoriasis). This second group also includes drug-induced hypersensitivity with its almost infinitely multifarious triggers, among which various antibiotics, gold preparations, hydantoin derivatives, phenothiazines, and dextrans appear to be the most prevalent. Eosinophilia is also seen in autoimmune diseases, especially in scleroderma and panarteritis. All neoplasias can lead to paraneoplastic eosinophilia, and in Hodgkin's disease it appears to play a special role in the pathology, although it is nevertheless not always present.

What About Allergy Immunodeficiency And Reflux

By the time a child arrives in the otolaryngologist's office for evaluation of chronic sinusitis, someone in the family will have raised the issue that this is all due to allergy. In many situations, the nature of the rhinorrhea and congestion does resemble that seen in atopic patients. However, microscopic and immunologic analyses of the secretions are not consistent with what is seen in IgE-mediated rhinitis. Rather, the findings are those of acute infectious inflammation. Whereas some reports report a higher incidence of sinusitis in atopic children, concerns about reporting biases and biases in the allergy practices reporting such findings raise concerns about the validity of the reports. The primary risk factors for such disease are primarily related to exposure to other children, as in day care. The prompt response to effective antimicrobials also weighs against allergy being of primary importance. As a child grows beyond 3-5 years of age, the incidence of IgE-mediated disease...

Antibiotics for Use in Pediatric Rhinosinusitis

Late-phase reaction after exposure to antigen.71 Accordingly, steroid nasal sprays are especially useful in children with allergic rhinitis or nasal polyps or both. Nasal sprays containing ipatropium bromide have a different mechanism of action, and no studies have been done to validate the efficacy of this drug in rhinosinusitis.

Alternative Medical Treatment Options

Other medical modalities recommended for the treatment of otitis include corticosteroids, administered orally or intra nasally 33-36 antihistamines and or decongestants. Although there is evidence that orally administered corticosteroids may help clear chronic middle ear effusion, there is no evidence that this provides a long-term benefit in patients with chronic otitis media with effusion.35 In addition, there is the risk of potential side effects from utilization of cortocosteroids. Intranasal steroids may play a role in patients with chronic middle ear effu-sion.36 However, there is no evidence of efficacy in the treatment of acute otitis media. Antihistamine decongestant preparations have been used in the past for treatment of otitis media with effusion. However, there is no evidence that this accelerates clearance of middle ear effusion and there appears to be no role for these medications in the treatment of acute otitis media.37 In children who have significant symptoms of...

Asthma The Role of Atopy Risk Factors and Maternal Exposures

People with atopy are genetically predisposed to produce IgE antibodies in response to common household allergens and have at least one atopic disease (i.e., asthma, allergic rhinitis, or atopic eczema) (Kay 2001). Most patients with asthma are atopic, although a minority have intrinsic, nonatopic asthma that often has a later onset and a more protracted course than atopic asthma. Recent studies indicate that there are more similarities than differences in the airway abnormalities of atopic and nonatopic asthma (Humbert et al. 1999). A large body of evidence shows that allergen exposure influences the atopic phenotype, and many studies indicate that allergen or toxicant exposure during critical windows of immune system development (in utero and early infancy) may influence a sensitization process that can lead to childhood asthma (reviewed in Landrigan 1998). Epidemiological data support the findings from these studies and highlight the role of maternal factors (Donovan and Finn 1999...

Phenylephrine hydrochloride

Uses Systemic Vascular failure in shock, shock-like states, drug-induced hypotension or hypersensitiv-ity. To maintain BP during spinal and inhalation anesthesia to prolong spinal anesthesia. As a vasoconstrictor in regional analgesia. Paroxysmal SVT. Nasal Nasal congestion due to allergies, sinusitis, common cold, or hay fever. Ophthal-mologic 0.12 Temporary relief of redness of the eye associated with colds, hay fever, wind, dust, sun, smog, smoke, contact lens. 2.5 and 10 Decongestant and vasoconstrictor, treatment of uveitis with posterior synechiae, open-angle glaucoma, refraction without cyclople-gia, ophthalmoscopic examination, funduscopy, prior to surgery. Contraindications Severe hypertension, ventricular tachycardia. Special Concerns Use with extreme caution in geriatric clients, severe arteriosclerosis, bradycardia, partial heart block, myocardial disease, hyperthyroidism and during pregnancy and lactation. Nasal and ophthalmic use of phenylephrine may be systemically...

Fetal Sensitization and Subsequent Immune Responses in Childhood

Finally, disease due to infection affects immune system maturation. The hygiene hypothesis proposed by Strachen (1989) is based on the inverse relationship between birth order in families and the prevalence of hay fever, as well as on an awareness that infections in early infancy brought home by older siblings might prevent sen-sitization. Further support comes from a recent report correlating reduced rates of asthma and wheezing among 812 rural European children with exposure to bacterial substances in dust from mattresses (Weiss 2002). The hygiene hypothesis and the gut microbial flora, diet, and allergen exposure issues likely all play roles in determining whether the events set up during pregnancy result in the development of allergic disease (Warner and Warner 2000). However, consideration must be taken of the unique intrauterine environment, which may actively dampen the neonate's immune system. One study demonstrates that birch and timothy grass pollen exposure via the mother...

Hypersensitivity Reactions Allergies

The B cell then proliferates and differentiates into plasma cells (see p. 98), which release immunoglobulin E (IgE). The Fc fragment ofIgE binds to mast cells and basophils. On subsequent contact, the antigens bind to the already available IgE-linked mast cells ( A). Due to the rapid release of mostly vasoactive mediators of inflammation such as histamine, leukotrienes and platelet-activating factor (PAF), an immediate reaction (anaphylaxis) occurs within seconds or minutes immediate type hypersensitivity. This is the mechanism by which allergens breathed into the lungs trigger hay fever and asthma attacks. The va-sodilatory effect of a generalized type I reaction can lead to anaphylactic shock (see p. 218).

Atopic Dermatitis

Blepharitis Simplex

Of these types 70 result from allergic contact dermatitis, and about 9 to 10 each from irritant contact dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, and seborrheic dermatitis. Atopic dermatitis is a chronically relapsing inflammatory skin disease. It is a genetically fixed disease that remains with the patient all their lives, whether they show symptoms or not. It occurs in approximately 2 of the population. In several large series 80 to 90 of patients with eyelid dermatitis were female. Distinct infantile, juvenile, and adult stages of the disease have been reported. Associated diffuse eczematous skin changes vary with the age of the patient and often disappear during puberty or adolescence. In the infantile stages associated manifestations include facial erythema and crusting. After age two to three years erosions, lichenification, and hyper or hypopigmentaton develop particularly on the face and flexural surface of the extremities. In adults the rash may be bright red, edematous and oozing or...


Type I (anaphylactic) due to preformed IgE antibodies, which cause release of vasoactive amines (e.g., histamine, leukotrienes) from mast cells and basophils. Examples are anaphylaxis (bee stings, food allergy especially peanuts and shellfish , medications especially penicillin and sulfa drugs , rubber glove allergy), atopy, hay fever, urticaria, allergic rhinitis, and some forms of asthma. With chronic type I hypersensitivity (atopy, some asthma, allergic rhinitis), look for eosinophilia, elevated IgE levels, family history, and seasonal exacerbations. Patients also may have allergic shiners (bilateral infraorbital edema) and a transverse nasal crease (from frequent nose rubbing), Pale, bluish, edematous nasal turbinates with many eosinophils in clear, watery nasal secretions also are classic.


Allergic Rhinitis An allergic disorder of humans caused by pollen, house dust, animal dander, or spores of fungi characterized by wheezing, sneezing, coughing, copious flow of watery discharges, itching nose, mouth, excessive flow of tears, headache, and insomnia (also called hay fever and pollenosis).

Atopic Eczema

Atopic eczema is a recurrent inflammatory skin condition that produces redness, itching, and scaly patches. People who have atopic eczema also often have other allergic conditions, such as allergic rhinitis (see page 379) or asthma (see page 245), or are allergic to penicillin or sulfa. Atopic eczema is a very common condition that affects about 3 percent of Americans. The disorder can occur at any age but typically appears between infancy and young adulthood. The condition often improves on its own before puberty but also can persist throughout life.


Note Terfenadine has been withdrawn from the market. Uses Seasonal allergic rhinitis. Non-FDA Approved Uses Histamine-in-duced bronchoconstriction in asthmatics exercise and hyperventila-tion-induced bronchospasm. Contraindications Significant hepatic dysfunction. Use with drugs that prolong the QT interval, such as disopyramide, procainamide, quini-dine, most antidepressants, and most neuroleptics. Consumption of grapefruit juice.

Fetal IgE

Several studies indicate that increased cord blood levels of IgE are associated with an increased risk of atopy or asthma (Croner and Kjellman 1990 Edenharter et al. 1998 Halonen et al. 1992 Hansen et al. 1992 Hide et al. 1991 Kjellman and Croner 1984 Michel et al. 1980 Ruiz et al. 1991). Other studies do not bear out this association (Hide et al. 1991 Martinez et al. 1995). However, a general belief is that an early and inappropriate immune response can develop toward allergens and that young children with asthma or allergic rhinitis have higher than normal levels of antibodies to inhaled allergens (Okahata et al. 1990). The evidence that fetal B cells are capable of isotype switching supports this idea (Punnonen et al. 1993 Punnonen and de Vries 1994). Furthermore, production of IgM, IgG subclasses, and IgE response to CD40 ligation and cytokines from T cells is similar in neonatal B cells and antigenically na ve adult B cells (Briere et al. 1994 Servet-Delprat et al. 1996),...