International Society on Hypertension in Blacks ISHIB

ISHIB is a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the health and life expectancy of ethnic populations in the United States and around the world. The organization was founded in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1986 to respond to the problem of high blood pressure among African Americans and has since broadened its mission to include the total spectrum of ethnicity and disease. ISHIB aims at stimulating research and clinical investigation disseminating scientific findings to aid in the understanding...

Internality Externality Hypothesis of Obesity

A psychological theory proposing that obese people are more responsive to external cues, such as the presence of food or time of day, whereas nonobese people use more internal cues, such as hunger, to guide eating. According to this theory, obese people confronted with an array of palatable-looking foods respond more readily to partaking of these foods and eat more than the nonobese, especially if the food is tasty and tempting. This responsiveness, however, may be related to habits of dieting...

Social Cognitive Theory

A theory emphasizing the effect of the social environment and cognitive mediators such as beliefs on behavior and the reciprocal effect of behavior on environment and cognition. Social cognitive theory (formerly called social learning theory) explains learning as a reciprocal interaction among an individual's environment, thought processes, and behavior such that learning takes place through synthesized thoughts. Social cognitive theory is applicable to health promotion in explaining and...