Dependent Variable

The presumed effect or outcome being measured, so called because it may depend on changes in the independent variable. In public health, health educators may assess the degree to which a risk factor (say, obesity) affects a health outcome (heart disease). The dependent variable (heart disease) varies with the independent variable (obesity) but may or may not be caused by it. The dependent variable is the variable of greatest importance to an investigator in a given study. See Independent...

Sallies 2000-physical Education

The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211. Anderson, L. A., De Vellis, R. F., Sharpe, P. A., & Marcoux, B. (1994). Multidimensional health locus of control scales Do they measure expectancies about control or desires for control Health Education Research, 9(1), 145-151. Anderson, L. W., & Krathwohl, D. (Eds.). (2001). A taxonomy for learning, teaching, and assessing. New York Longman. Aronson, E. (1992). The...

International Society on Hypertension in Blacks ISHIB

ISHIB is a nonprofit organization dedicated to improving the health and life expectancy of ethnic populations in the United States and around the world. The organization was founded in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1986 to respond to the problem of high blood pressure among African Americans and has since broadened its mission to include the total spectrum of ethnicity and disease. ISHIB aims at stimulating research and clinical investigation disseminating scientific findings to aid in the understanding...

Internality Externality Hypothesis of Obesity

A psychological theory proposing that obese people are more responsive to external cues, such as the presence of food or time of day, whereas nonobese people use more internal cues, such as hunger, to guide eating. According to this theory, obese people confronted with an array of palatable-looking foods respond more readily to partaking of these foods and eat more than the nonobese, especially if the food is tasty and tempting. This responsiveness, however, may be related to habits of dieting...

Social Cognitive Theory

A theory emphasizing the effect of the social environment and cognitive mediators such as beliefs on behavior and the reciprocal effect of behavior on environment and cognition. Social cognitive theory (formerly called social learning theory) explains learning as a reciprocal interaction among an individual's environment, thought processes, and behavior such that learning takes place through synthesized thoughts. Social cognitive theory is applicable to health promotion in explaining and...

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC

CDC was established as the Communicable Disease Center in 1946 in Atlanta, Georgia, and has directed efforts toward preventing diseases such as malaria, polio, smallpox, toxic shock syndrome, Legionnaires' disease, AIDS, bioterrorism, and other health issues. CDC is the leading federal agency for protecting the health and safety of people nationally and globally and is concerned with health education and promotion activities such as chronic disease prevention and control, tobacco use prevention...