Treatment Options for Otitis Media

To understand fully when it is appropriate to treat otitis media in children, the pathophysiology of the various subtypes of otitis media should be understood and the appropriate diagnosis must be made. In addition, various treatment modalities for otitis media—both medical and surgical—may benefit a particular patient. The importance of individualization of treatment for every patient with otitis media must be emphasized. Otitis media is a multifactorial process. Different treatment modalities may be warranted in patients based on their particular social situation, immunologic status, age, associated medical problems, or other factors. Various treatment modalities for otitis media will be briefly discussed to help the practitioner decide which patient should be treated, and by what particular treatment strategy.

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